[lg policy] bibitem: Deaf Education Policy as Language Policy: A Comparative Analysis of Sweden and the United States

Harold Schiffman hfsclpp at GMAIL.COM
Fri Jul 13 14:46:14 UTC 2012

Deaf Education Policy as Language Policy: A Comparative Analysis of
Sweden and the United States
Francis M. Hult, Sarah E. Compton

From: Sign Language Studies
Volume 12, Number 4, Summer 2012
pp. 602-620 | 10.1353/sls.2012.0014


The present study offers a cross-national, comparative analysis of
deaf education policies in Sweden and the United States and examines
the ways in which these countries address status planning and
acquisition planning for sign languages. Major policy documents were
selected from each polity, reflecting key national legislative
policies, as well as the primary texts that guide educational
implementation: for Sweden, the Ordinance for Special Schools, the
Education Act, and the national syllabi for special schools; for the
United States, the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act and
Title 34 of the Code of Federal Regulations. Analysis of these texts
shows that such planning tends to be explicit in Sweden but implicit
in the United States. Moreover, the Swedish policies focus on the
development of sign language/national-language bilingualism, whereas
the policies of the United States foreground assimilation to the
hearing world; however, implementational space for sign language and
multilingualism are present in the policies of both countries to
varying degrees.


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