[lg policy] Explore language largesse

Harold Schiffman hfsclpp at gmail.com
Wed Aug 17 10:36:52 EDT 2016

Explore language largesseStudying this subject would prepare you for a
number of career paths as it develops problem-solving ability and enables
you to find patterns in complicated data apart from mastering writing and
comprehension skills
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*Institute Watch*

   - Aligarh Muslim University (UP), offering BA(Hons.), M.A. in
   Linguistics, Certificate in Linguistics, P.G. Diploma in Linguistics
   - University of Delhi, offering M.A. in Linguistics, Diploma in
   Linguistics and Advanced Diploma in Applied Linguistics.
   - Jawaharlal Nehru University (New Delhi), offering M.A.in Linguistics.
   - Central Institute of English and Foreign Languages, Hyderabad,
   offering M.A.in Linguistics.
   - University of Calcutta, offering M.A in Linguistics.
   - IIIT, Hyderabad offering M. Tech Computational Linguistics.


   - For acquiring a bachelor’s degree in Linguistics, you must have to
   pass the Higher Secondary or Plus II examination with humanities. For
   acquiring a post- graduation degree, a graduation in Linguistics is a must.

[image: Explore language largesse]

*Gauri Chhabra*
Have you ever noticed how language has evolved and grown over the years?
Read The Prologue to Canterbury Tales by Chaucer and notice how some of the
popular verses like Whan that April, with his shoures soote have evolved to
become 'when April with its showers sweet'.  Language changes its meaning
and syntax. This is due to the fact that large-scale shifts often occur in
response to social, economic and political pressures. History records many
examples of language change fueled by invasions, colonisation and
migration. Even without these kinds of influences, a language can change
dramatically if enough users alter the way they speak it. Frequently, the
needs of speakers drive language change. New technologies, industries,
products and experiences simply require new words. Plastic, cell phones and
the Internet didn’t exist in Shakespeare’s time, for example. By using new
and emerging terms, we all drive language change. But the unique way that
individuals speak also fuels language change. That’s because no two
individuals use a language in exactly the same way. The vocabulary and
phrases people use depend on where they live, their age, education level,
social status and other factors. Through our interactions, we pick up new
words and sayings and integrate them into our speech.  Would you like to go
through these changing patterns of language that put you at the center of
the intellectual universe? If yes, you should think about studying

*Course Cursor*
Linguistic courses make the students learn about organisation and use of
languages as well as develop skills in critical reading, argumentation and
analysis. There are several focused and integrated courses to choose from:
B.A Hons. Linguistics: This is an undergraduate language course of 3-year
duration where you will study nature structure, and variation of language,
including phonetics, phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics,
sociolinguistics, and pragmatics. Students develop the ability to construct
and manage an argument and work as a team to work on common goals and the
ability to solve problems that help you in real life situations. Post M.A
Diploma in Linguistics: This diploma is of one-year duration and would be
very beneficial for you if you wish to script a career in Linguistics after
your post-graduation. It is divided into 2 semesters where you would be
introduced to the basic sub areas of Linguistics like phonetics, phonology,
morphology in the first semester and Introductory Transformational
Generative Syntax, Aspects of Linguistics Behaviour Applied Linguistics
Interdisciplinary Course-I in the second semester. Offered by the
University of Delhi, this course would prepare you for jobs in corporate
sector on accent training. Advanced Diploma in Applied Linguistics: This
advanced programme gives an integrated approach to language in a diverse
range of contexts, including translation, journalism and media, language
policy and planning, website design and socio-educational development. At
the end of this course, you will look at the world with new eyes. You would
also learn to analyze texts that encounter in everyday and professional
lives, and able to apply this knowledge for a range of purposes.  M.A.
Applied Linguistics: Applied Linguistics is an interdisciplinary field of
research and practice dealing with problems relating to language and
communication in society, the media, organizations, business and politics.
Students in this MA programme are given the tools to identify problems and
to work on solving them by applying linguistic theories and employing
empirical and experimental methods. This course would provide you both
breadth of knowledge in several areas of applied linguistics and the
specialised knowledge and skills needed to plan and conduct research in the
areas of specialisation within the programme, such as language acquisition,
discourse analysis, and service learning, among others. You may specialise
in any areas of applied linguistics where faculty expertise is available
MTech Computational Linguistics: Computational linguistics applies computer
technology to address questions in theoretical linguistics, as well as to
create applications for use in parsing, data retrieval, machine
translation, and other areas. People can apply actual knowledge of a
language in translation and interpreting, as well as in language education
— the teaching of a second or foreign language. Policy makers work with
governments to implement new plans in education and teaching which are
based on linguistic research. MTech (CL) is an intensive two-year programme
in which students of computer science background get opportunity to learn
how to apply computational knowledge for natural language processing that
includes machine translation, information extraction and retrieval and
speech technology. This is a research-oriented programme in which you can
take advanced courses related to their area of specialisation in the first
year and devote the second year entirely towards their research thesis.
This dynamic interdisciplinary program draws on linguistic theory, computer
science and philosophy, cognitive science and psychology. The course also
focuses on how computers and algorithms can be used to model the sounds,
grammar, and meaning of human language. Professionals and researchers in
computational linguistics apply computational and statistical techniques to
linguistic data. Ph.D. Linguistics: In this programme there are four
concentrations leading to the Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) degree: Applied
Linguistics, Computational Linguistics, Sociolinguistics, and Theoretical
Linguistics. You would learn to carry out cutting-edge linguistic research,
culminating in the completion of a dissertation. To help you in the
transition from "consuming" to also "producing" linguistic research, there
are a number of structures and requirements in place. Degree would provide
advanced training in field linguistics and documentary linguistics, in the
primary areas of the field in sound, syntax, and meaning and in second
language acquisition, as well as training in linguistic computing and
experience in presenting original research in professional venues.

*Career Pathways*
Teaching: Those with a master’s in linguistics can opt for a career as
lecturer in various institutions that impart education in Indian languages.
Several government agencies hire linguists to supervise language training
programs. Linguists are also hired to carry out research in various
languages, or to work in specialized fields such as the determination of
geographical names for mapping and other purposes. Freelancing also offer
very good prospects. Banking: With the world economy becoming more and more
globalised, linguistics also can meander in sectors like banking where more
and more multinational companies are hiring graduate and post graduates for
providing effective phonetics, language input, culture and customer service
training to delegates and the like. Entertainment and Publishing: Linguists
with a theatre background may do voice coaching in the entertainment
industry, helping actors with the phonetics of particular languages,
dialects, and foreign accents. Others may offer accent reduction lessons
for professionals. Publishers are frequently looking for graduates with
knowledge of principles of textual organisation, discourse structure,
grammar and semantics. In publishing, linguists are involved with producing
foreign language text books, editing, consulting and planning elementary
and secondary programs of curriculum design. You can also become
Lexicographers who are involved in the publishing of dictionaries.
Healthcare: People with post graduation in linguistics are recruited in
hospitals as speech therapists or Neuro linguists. Speech and language
therapists (SLTs) work closely with babies, children and adults who have
various levels of speech, language and communication problems, and with
those who have swallowing, drinking or eating difficulties. Software
Industry: If you take a degree on Computational linguistics, you would be
hired by the software industry to develop computer systems that deal with
human language. They need a good understanding of both programming and
linguistics. You would also computational linguists build systems that can
perform tasks such as speech recognition (e.g., Siri), speech synthesis,
machine translation (e.g., Google Translate), grammar checking, text mining
and other "Big Data" applications, and many others. There are also
linguistics jobs in the software industry that do not necessarily require
much programming background- for example, speech data evaluators,
linguistic data managers, annotators, and localization specialists. So,
cruise through the courses that are available in linguistics and zero in on
a course that takes you through the Life of Language.

*What isLinguistics?*
Linguistics is the study of language which identifies the common element
connecting the languages and draws its relevance from archeology,
anthropology, psychology, philosophy, sociology, English, computer science
and almost all subjects known to mankind.  It includes the following sub

   - Phonetics (the study of the production, acoustics and hearing of
   speech sounds)
   - Phonology (the patterning of sounds)
   - Morphology (the structure of words)
   - Syntax (the structure of sentences)
   - Semantics (meaning)
   - Pragmatics (language in context)


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