[lg policy] Senate joins House in recognizing Alaska Native languages emergency

Harold Schiffman haroldfs at gmail.com
Thu Apr 26 10:18:23 EDT 2018

 Senate joins House in recognizing Alaska Native languages emergency
By Wesley Early, Alaska Public Media
<https://www.alaskapublic.org/author/wesley-early/> -
April 25, 2018


Dan Ortiz, I-Ketchikan, center, poses April 25, 2018, for photos with
Alaska Native language supporters outside of the Alaska Senate Chambers.
The Senate was about to consider an amendment to House Concurrent
Resolution 19, urging Gov. Bill Walker to declare a native language
emergency. (Photo by Andrew Kitchenman/KTOO and Alaska Public Media)

The Alaska Senate joined the House on Wednesday in asking Gov. Bill Walker
to recognize that the decline of Alaska Native languages is an emergency.

The Senate passed a resolution
<http://www.legis.state.ak.us/PDF/30/Bills/HCR019F.PDF> urging Walker to
work with lawmakers and Alaska Native organizations to make the continued
use of the languages a priority.

The state government recognizes 20 Alaska Native languages as official
languages of the state, along with English.

A January report
that all the languages could lose their last speakers by the end of the

The report recommended the state declare a linguistic emergency.

The House passed
resolution urging the Walker to do that in March
And the Senate acted Wednesday.

Sarah Dybdahl was among those who witnessed the vote. The cultural heritage
and education manager for the Central Council of Tlingit and Haida Indian
Tribes of Alaska said people have dedicated their lives to the languages.

“The Senate today in passing that recognizes the work of those individuals
and also sends a clear message to the governor that action needs to be
taken,” Dybdahl said.

The resolution doesn’t spell out what that action will be.

The report by the Alaska Native Language Preservation and Advisory Council
said the state should make it policy to promote Alaska Native language
schools wherever possible.

For much of the 20th century, the federal and state government promoted
policies that suppressed Alaska Native language and culture. Those policies
included forbidding the use of Alaska Native languages in village schools
and boarding schools.

Dybdahl said the resolution is progress.

And she has some ideas on policies Walker could promote: “immersion
schools, geographical signage of our place names getting our place names
back on the land. There’s … multiple opportunities that could be outlined.”

The advisory council report also called on the state to create an Alaska
Native school board to promote Alaska Native tribal and charter schools.
And to direct all University of Alaska branches to provide high-quality
instruction in the language of the region.

Dybdahl noted that one of the 20 languages – Eyak – lost its last fluent
speaker in 2008.

“To lose a language is to lose a way of thinking,” Dybdahl said. “Our
values and our culture and our protocols are all tied into our language.
And when you start to lose that, those other aspects of who we are go with
Blake, senior adviser to Gov. Bill Walker, listens as Andrew Kitchenman, a
reporter for KTOO and Alaska Public Media, interviews her about House
Concurrent Resolution 19. The resolution urges the governor to declare an
Alaska Native language emergency. (Photo by Skip Gray/360 North)

The Walker administration has been watching the resolutions progress.

“When you say the word ‘emergency,’ there’s a sense of immediacy to that,”
Barbara Blake, Walker’s senior adviser for tribal affairs, fish and game
and marine resources, said. “The governor’s office definitely recognizes
the sense of immediacy and the urgency behind any language initiative.”

Blake said the administration will work with the council to follow up on
the resolution, which could include steps like expanding the use of Alaska
Native geographic names on signs.

It may also support legislation for other steps that require changes in
state law.

Council member Lance Twitchell
the resolution. He said at some point, the state must move from saying it’s
a priority to changing the way it does things.

“I know some people don’t believe that the government should have any role
in language revitalization,” Twitchell said. “But the difficult is that the
government had an active role in language destruction.”

The House must decide whether to agree to changes the Senate made before
the resolution is adopted.


 Harold F. Schiffman

Professor Emeritus of
 Dravidian Linguistics and Culture
Dept. of South Asia Studies
University of Pennsylvania
Philadelphia, PA 19104-6305

Phone:  (215) 898-7475
Fax:  (215) 573-2138

Email:  haroldfs at gmail.com

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