[lg policy] 'Afrikaans Has Been Used to Exclude Many From Schools'

Harold Schiffman haroldfs at gmail.com
Fri Jan 12 10:19:45 EST 2018


'Afrikaans Has Been Used to Exclude Many From Schools' -- Equal Education The
organisation says there is still a lot that needs to be done to improve
language policy at South African schools.

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   - <http://www.huffingtonpost.co.za/author/queenin-masuabi>
   By Queenin Masuabi
   <http://www.huffingtonpost.co.za/author/queenin-masuabi>

Getty Images
Stock photo.

Equal Education general secretary Tshepo Motsepe
<http://www.huffingtonpost.co.za/2017/10/30/equal-education-income-contingent-loan-is-criminal_a_23260407/>
believes South Africa has a historical background in which Afrikaans has
been used to exclude others.

"In this context and in the past, we have had instances of privileged
Afrikaans schools using language to exclude learners, especially at a time
when we should be sharing scarce educational resources and fostering
integration," Motsepe said, in response to a case unfolding in court.

He said organisations such as Solidarity
<http://www.huffingtonpost.co.za/2017/09/20/jacaranda-fm-djs-to-meet-with-solidarity-behind-closed-doors_a_23216454/>
portray themselves as defenders of "Afrikanerdom".

"Rather than work tirelessly to foster integration and unity, [Solidarity]
would rather be in court using Afrikaans as a language to advance their
narrow plan of exclusion."

He said while there is space for Afrikaans schools in the country, a
problem arises when language policy is used as a tool to create separation.

"The language is spoken by millions of South Africans... especially
coloured people. The issue is the use of this language to exclude and
discriminate against those who don't speak it. That cannot be acceptable,"
he explained.

Language policy has come under the spotlight following Hoërskool Overvaal's
<https://www.news24.com/SouthAfrica/News/gauteng-education-department-school-in-court-over-additional-placements-20180109>
school governing body (SGB)'s court battle to overturn a Gauteng education
department decision to place an additional 55 pupils at the school.

While the department has deemed the application by the Vereeniging school's
SGB a way to exclude pupils who do not speak Afrikaans, the school
maintains there is not enough space to accommodate the additional learners.

This despite the department's argument that provision has been made for new
furniture and an English-speaking teacher to teach the extra children.

The department reiterated that it would not allow language to be used as a
barrier to entry by the high school.

"Language cannot be used as a tool to segregate learners in violation of
the Constitution, the Schools' Act, the Gauteng Schools Education Act and
the Gauteng admission policy," the department said in its answering
affidavit.

"What is lacking is the full realisation of this policy, by this I mean the
implementation and investment in African languages that will aid the
development and publications of books."

Motsepe said while the department was doing its best to create a learning
environment that fits South Africa's demographic, there should be greater
strides towards introducing African indigenous languages at schools.

"What is lacking is the full realisation of this policy –– by this I mean
the implementation and investment in African languages that will aid the
development and publications of books," he said.

He reiterated the importance of children being taught in their mother
tongue.

"It is vital for the overall development of the child –– this ensures
adequate cognitive development and it aids the learning of other languages."

Education expert for Solidarity's School Support Centre, Melanie Buys, told
HuffPost that Afrikaans was not being used to exclude learners.

"I do not think it is used as a tool to exclude others," she said.

She, however, emphasised that it is important for the department to find
ways to ensure that learners are taught in their mother tongue.

"The PIRLS report also supported the importance of learning in your mother
tongue because it showed that children cannot read for understanding."

She also said the department was not building enough schools and that
everyone should be afforded a quality education.


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 Harold F. Schiffman

Professor Emeritus of
 Dravidian Linguistics and Culture
Dept. of South Asia Studies
University of Pennsylvania
Philadelphia, PA 19104-6305

Phone:  (215) 898-7475
Fax:  (215) 573-2138

Email:  haroldfs at gmail.com
http://ccat.sas.upenn.edu/~haroldfs/

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