[lg policy] National Hindi Divas 2018 observed across India

Harold Schiffman haroldfs at gmail.com
Sat Sep 15 11:27:40 EDT 2018

 National Hindi Divas 2018 observed across India
Rupali Pruthi Sep 14, 2018 14:30 IST

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*National Hindi Divas 2018 observed across India*

*14 September: National Hindi Divas*

National Hindi Divas (Hindi Day) was observed across India on September 14,
2018 to promote Hindi as Matra Bhasha (mother tongue) of India.

The day was marked by literary festivals, Hindi poetry sessions, Hindi
essay writing competitions, Hindi speech contests and other events.

On this occasion, Vice President M Venkaiah Naidu presented the* Rajbhasha
Awards* to chiefs of various departments, Ministries and offices for their
outstanding performances in promoting the language.

*Significance of the Day*

The day marks the adaptation of Hindi language as the official language of
India by the Constituent Assembly of India on September 14, 1949.

The decision of using Hindi as official language was ratified by Indian
Constitution via amendment 343 which stated that all government
communications will be penned in Hindi (Devanagari Script). This amendment
came into effect on January 26, 1950.

Presently, there are 2 official languages- Hindi and English.

*Hindi Language*

*•* Hindi, written in Devanagari Script, is one of the main languages of
India and is spoken by around 40 percent of the Indian population.

*• *Hindi language has a big history in India which belongs to the
Indo-Aryan branch of the Indo-European language family.

*• *In India, Hindi is used as a mother tongue by around 258 million people
and is a native language for most people living in Delhi, Uttar Pradesh,
Uttarakhand, Chhattisgarh, Himachal Pradesh, Chandigarh, Bihar, Jharkhand,
Madhya Pradesh, Haryana, and Rajasthan.

*•* As per the 2011 census, 43.63 percent of Indians speak Hindi as their
mother tongue.

*•* It is also used in many countries of the world including Mauritius,
Pakistan, Surinam, Trinidad and some other countries.

*•* Outside Asia, Hindi is an official language in Fiji. The Constitution
of Fiji states 3 official languages, namely English, Fijian, and Hindi. The
dialect of Hindi spoken there is known as Fiji Baat or Fiji Hindi.

*•* It is known as the 4th largest language of the world.

*Constitutional Provision for Hindi language*

The official language policy of the Union Government has been explained in
detail under Article 120 (Part-5), Article 210 (Part-6), Article 343, 344
and from Articles 348 to 351. In Part - 17 (Article 343 to 351) of the
Constitution, the Official Language of the Union and States has been


 Harold F. Schiffman

Professor Emeritus of
 Dravidian Linguistics and Culture
Dept. of South Asia Studies
University of Pennsylvania
Philadelphia, PA 19104-6305

Phone:  (215) 898-7475
Fax:  (215) 573-2138

Email:  haroldfs at gmail.com

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