[lg policy] Foreign languages in the context of uninterrupted learning

Harold Schiffman haroldfs at gmail.com
Tue Apr 16 11:34:23 EDT 2019


Foreign languages in the context of uninterrupted learning
By
 Nazym Stamgaliyeva
<https://qswownews.com/foreign-languages-in-the-context-of-uninterrupted-learning/311>
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April 16, 2019
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Learning a foreign language in the modern world is one of the important
components of the moments in the life of a modern, successful person.
Knowledge of a foreign language is not just desirable, it is necessary.
Today there are more and more people who want to know a foreign language,
because this knowledge gives them new opportunities and makes their
spiritual world wealthy.

Ideally, an educated, ambitious person should know several foreign
languages, constantly grind and improve them, because learning foreign
languages is not a monotonous process. This is a creative, exciting
activity that develops a worldview, allows you to improve logical thinking,
the ability to express your thoughts briefly and clearly.

As a result of global changes in the social life of Kazakhstan, as well as
around the world, the role of a foreign language in the education system
has changed. From a simple academic subject, it has become a basic element
of the modern education system, a means of achieving professional
realization of the individual.

The new socio-economic and political situation requires the implementation
of a language policy in the field of foreign language education aimed at
meeting both social and personal needs in relation to foreign languages.
With the implementation of the new language policy is associated with the
creation of a flexible system of choice of languages and conditions of
their study, as well as a variable system of forms and means of teaching,
reflecting the current state of the theory and practice of teaching a
foreign language. In this regard, the study of a foreign language in the
system of additional education has become widespread. A growing number of
companies and institutions are in need of specialists with foreign language
skills, and the demand for languages encourages teachers and business
people to open foreign language courses, language canters and other
educational institutions offering foreign language training services.

Foreign languages in the context of globalization and internationalization
of society and education*.*The education system has entered the XXI century
in the process of reform in which we expect a new reality, new
opportunities, new problems and new challenges.

First, it is a sharp increase in the pace of social change. Secondly, it is
globalization and the universalization of political, cultural and economic
life, the emergence of an increasingly united, interconnected and diverse
human civilization. Third, it is a sharp increase in the role of
information technology, the formation of information dominant development
of society and production.

Global trends in recent decades are inextricably linked to two phenomena:
globalization and the internationalization of society. Both processes are
in the area of close scientific attention and are inextricably linked with
significant technological and social changes in the last quarter of the XX
century.

The process of globalization observed by the whole world means the
emergence of a hybrid world culture, the mixing of national traditions, the
strengthening of cooperation between nations and manifests itself in the
unification and unification of various aspects of people’s life – their
worldview and outlook, needs and work skills, politics and economy, social
life and production, science and education, culture and art, religion and
language, statehood and lifestyle, ecology and demography, sports and
crime, etc. Globalization covers almost all spheres of life of people on
the globe, and, accordingly, its manifestations in each of these areas
should be studied by all scientific areas that specialize in the relevant
field of human life and activity.

Globalization and internationalization are two interrelated processes that
lead to the transformation of society into new forms. Internationalization
is based on cross-communication and exchange between divided Nations. By
definition, the internationalization of education at the national, sectoral
and institutional levels is understood as the process by which the goals,
functions and organization of educational services acquire an international
dimension. The concept of internationalization in higher education in
international practice traditionally includes two aspects: “*internal*”
internationalization and “*external*” internationalization, or education
abroad, cross-country education, cross-border education (education abroad,
across borders, cross-border education).

The internationalization of higher education creates new opportunities,
increases the availability of higher education and its quality, the
introduction of innovative methods of work in higher education. Based on
the achievements of international cooperation, internationalization, in
turn, contributes to its strengthening. Internationalization of education
pursues various goals, including: diversification and growth of financial
revenues through attracting foreign students for paid education; expansion
of curricula and training of its students in foreign partner universities;
expansion of the regional network of the University for the effective use
of its resources; improving the quality of education and research through
the participation of students and teachers in the international process of
knowledge exchange, etc. The development of international inter-University
cooperation allows to organize joint research projects, exchange programs
for students and teachers, special programs for foreign students.

Internationalization of education includes the following forms of
international cooperation:

   - individual mobility: mobility of students or faculty for educational
   purposes;
   - mobility of educational programs and institutional mobility; formation
   of new international standards of educational programs;
   - integration into the curriculum of international measurement and
   educational standards;
   - institutional partnership: the creation of strategic educational
   alliances.

Language globalization proceeds from the fact that language is a means of
human communication and has a consequence of the development of
multilingualism.  Political, socio-economic and cultural changes in
Kazakhstan have significantly expanded the functions of a foreign language.
As a result, the role of a foreign language in society has changed, and
from an academic subject it has become a basic element of the modern
education system, a means of achieving professional realization of the
individual.

The changes that have occurred in recent decades in Kazakhstan have turned
the country from a closed, focused only on its own strength and reserves,
to a state open to the world. The need for contacts with representatives of
other countries has increased at all levels. In connection with the
integration of Kazakhstan into the world economic and cultural area, with
the expansion and qualitative change of international relations adequate to
the historical moment the knowledge of foreign languages becomes one of the
important competencies of modern man. Foreign language opens the way to
free communication of people of different nationalities, rapprochement of
cultures, mutual understanding.

In accordance with the “Concept of modernization of Kazakhstan education”
formulated a new language policy of the state. The modern system of foreign
language teaching, according to this policy, is characterized by the fact
that, firstly, practical knowledge of a foreign language has become an
urgent need for the general public, and, secondly, the general social
context creates favorable conditions for the differentiation of foreign
language teaching. With the implementation of the new language policy is
associated with the creation of a flexible system of choice of languages
and conditions of their study, as well as a variable system of forms and
means of learning, reflecting the current state of the theory and practice
of learning.

Knowledge of a foreign language is now becoming one of the conditions of
professional competence. Knowledge of foreign languages, especially English
as a language of international communication, is relevant for all Kazakh
young people who want to find a good job, to get in touch with the outside
world, to improve their cultural knowledge. It is almost impossible to
imagine the life of a modern person who does not know a foreign language,
because most of the modern means of communication and communication are
focused on people who in one way or another speak the language. Knowledge
of at least one foreign language broadens the mind, allows you to learn
more about the culture and customs of another people. Foreign language is
not only a means of communication, but also a condition for successful
interaction of both individuals and different countries in the world in
terms of economic, political, military and cultural integration.

Socio-cultural processes associated with the entry of the world community
in the era of information, the development of telecommunication
technologies, the need for rapid adaptation to the conditions of a
constantly changing multicultural world increase interest in the subject
“foreign language”. Throughout history, the study of languages has been
regarded as an absolute element of cultural education. Due to the global
changes in the political and economic life of society, a foreign language
has become a means of intercultural communication.

Hence, in conclusion the modern dynamic world is developing so that an
educated person becomes more difficult to do without foreign languages.

In this article we have seen that the motives and reasons for the study of
foreign languages, that is, the interests of the consumer of educational
services in foreign languages, in the era of internationalization and
globalization are diverse. This is especially important in the development
of uninterrupted foreign language education programs, as it helps to
determine the target audience and consumer demand.

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 Harold F. Schiffman

Professor Emeritus of
 Dravidian Linguistics and Culture
Dept. of South Asia Studies
University of Pennsylvania
Philadelphia, PA 19104-6305

Phone:  (215) 898-7475
Fax:  (215) 573-2138

Email:  haroldfs at gmail.com
http://ccat.sas.upenn.edu/~haroldfs/

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