deontic "will"

Dan Everett Dan.Everett at MAN.AC.UK
Tue Aug 7 18:14:44 UTC 2001

The need + past participle is indeed common in Pittsburgh. It seems to
correspond best to need + present participle in other dialects, rather than
need + to be __ed.

Carol Tenny has written on this, but I do not know if she published the

Dan Everett
----- Original Message -----
From: "Scott DeLancey" <delancey at DARKWING.UOREGON.EDU>
To: <LINGTYP at>
Sent: Tuesday, August 07, 2001 11:57 AM
Subject: Re: deontic "will"

> Not 'will', but otherwise this is parallel to dialectal English
> need + past participle, as
> My house needs painted.  (i.e. 'needs painting' or 'needs to be
> painted')
> This is prevalent in Scotland and certain parts of N. America, including
> at least western Pennsylvania and the upper Ohio valley, and rural Oregon.
> Scott DeLancey
> Department of Linguistics
> 1290 University of Oregon
> Eugene, OR 97403-1290, USA
> delancey at

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