Marianne Mithun mithun at LINGUISTICS.UCSB.EDU
Wed Jun 12 15:42:58 UTC 2002

Dear Frans,

Sure. Central Alaskan Yup'ik has a derivational suffix -(a)r- which means
'say' or 'go ...'. (The a appears after a consonant.) It can follow
exclamations or other things, and fits in with the rest of the
derivational and inflectional morphology.

	'he is saying "aa"'

	'(they) didn't greet him'

(The word camai, actually cama=i is used as a greeting. It probably comes
from a demonstrative cama- 'down, towards the river, obscured', followed
by an enclitic =i used to form exclamations.)

Marianne Mithun

On Wed, 12 Jun 2002, Frans Plank wrote:

> Dear colleagues knowledgable about languages other than Germanic and Romance,
> do you know of instances of delocutive morphology in any language you are
> knowledgable about?  -- that is, of bound morphology of whatever kind being
> used to form verbs which mean, basically, 'to say "X" (to someone)', where
> "X" can be
> (a)  a pronoun of (formal/informal) address,
> (b)  a term of (possibly abusive) address,
> (c)  an interjection,
> (d)  something else (please specify).
> Examples from German (where -en is the infinitival suffix, -z the
> delocutive one):
> (a)  jemanden du-z-en  'to say "thou" to s.o.'
> (b)  jemanden verhunzen (< ver-hund-z-en)  'to say "dog" to s.o' (basic
> meaning)
> (c)  aech-z-en  'to say "ach!"'  (a deep sigh)
> (d)  ---
> If there is such delocutive morphology in "your" language, is it dedicated
> to just this one function, or does it have other, and perhaps primary,
> functions too (e.g., aspect/aktionsart ones such as iterative;
> intensification;  derivation of verbs of sound/noise production or of other
> semantic domains)?  Whether dedicated or shared, would you know anything
> about the historical source of such delocutive morphology?
> You may know the famous paper on delocutives by Benveniste.  But I wonder
> whether anything seriously crosslinguistic has been done since.  Any leads?
> Frans Plank
> Frans Plank
> Sprachwissenschaft
> Universitaet Konstanz
> D-78457 Konstanz
> Germany
> E-mail:  frans.plank at
> Tel:   +49-(0)7531-88 2656, home +49-(0)7531-57450
> Fax:   +49-(0)7531-88 4190

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