development of a copula from the verb 'to come'

Hannu Tommola Hannu.Tommola at UTA.FI
Tue Dec 22 07:18:50 UTC 2009

Just some examples of copula/Aux < (be)come:

tulla 1. 'come' 2. 'become' 3. future auxiliary

saama 1. 'get' 2. 'become' 3.  future auxiliary

komma 1. 'come' 2.  future auxiliary
bli 1. 'become' 2. future of 'be'

bud-u, -eš', -et etc. 1. 'become' / future of 'be' 2. future auxiliary

and so on,

Merry Christmas to all,


Quoting Wolfgang Schulze <W.Schulze at LRZ.UNI-MUENCHEN.DE>:

> well, it depends from what you define as being a true copula.  
> Nevertheless, think of English /become/ (that is /be-come/), or  
> German /bekommen/ used as a process verb (or, in German, as an  
> auxiliary to encode the passive diathesis when foregrounding an  
> 'indirect object').

> I guess that there are many more examples in the languages of the world
Hannu Tommola, Professor of Russian Language (Translation Theory and Practice)
School of Modern Languages and Translation Studies
FIN-33014 University of Tampere, Finland
Phone: +358-(0)3-3551 6102

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