development of a copula from the verb 'to come'
annaram at UNIPV.IT
Tue Dec 22 10:33:53 UTC 2009
if you want to include in your query the grammaticalization of "come "
as an auxiliary, then you should look for Italian, where venire "come"
is used for passive diathesis:
la casa venne distrutta
the house came destroyed = was destroyed
In trhis context it would also be possible to use andare "go":
la casa andò distrutta.
I refer you to :
A. Giacalone Ramat , /On some grammaticalization patterns for
auxiliaries/, in J.C.Smith & Delia Bentley (eds), /Historical
Linguistics 1995/. /Vol.I: General issues and non-Germanic languages/.
Amsterdam, Benjamins, 2000, 125-154
Il 21/12/2009 17:33, Sebastian Nordhoff ha scritto:
> Dear colleagues,
> I am looking for languages with a copula where this copula derives
> from the lexical verb meaning 'to come'. One such language is Sri
> Lanka Malay where the copula /asàdhaathang/ is clearly related to the
> verb /dhaathang/ 'to come' (The copula is homonymous with the
> 'conjunctive participle', to be precise).
> (1) Se=ppe naama asàdhaathang Cintha Sinthani. 1s=poss name
> copula Chintha Sinthani
> `My name is Chintha Sinthani.'
> This seems to be a rather unusual diachronic source; it is more common
> for the copula to develop from an existential or a pronoun. I would
> appreciate if list members could point out languages with similar
> developments. I would also be happy to hear about less-than-perfect
> matches, e.g. grammaticalization of 'come' to an auxiliary, or
> grammaticalization of another motion verb to a copula. I have
> consulted The World Lexicon of Grammaticalization (Heine & Kuteva
> 2002), and the closest match I could find was come-->resultative as
> found in some Creole languages (Seychellois, Guyanese CF, Fa d'Ambu).
> Thanks in advance
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