[Lingtyp] Kinship systems that distinguish age but not gender

Guillaume Jacques rgyalrongskad at gmail.com
Wed Jul 19 09:24:13 UTC 2017

Dear Helvig,
This type of kinship terms are found in Gyalrongic languages such as
Japhug, which has for instance ta-ʁi "younger sibling" vs tɤ-pi "elder
sibling" (see the following article, p 217, with comparative data from
Tangut and Pumi).


In addition, there is in the same language an alternative system which
differentiates gender of the kin and of possessor, but not relative age
(see Table 8.3).


2017-07-19 10:31 GMT+02:00 Hedvig Skirgård <hedvig.skirgard at gmail.com>:

> Does anyone know of a language that has a distinction in the kinship
> system for age of referent (younger/older) without also having a
> distinction for gender of referent? For example, a language that marks
> siblings as being younger or older to ego without reference to being sister
> or brother.
> The hypothesis is that this doesn't happen/is very rare. We'd like to know
> if you've come across any examples of this.
> I'm asking for my friend Alex (cc:ed) who is not on the list. Please
> direct any responses or comments to her.
> *****
> *Tōfā soifua,*
> *Hedvig Skirgård*
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Guillaume Jacques
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