[Lingtyp] valence markers and wide scope

Adam James Ross Tallman ajrtallman at utexas.edu
Tue Apr 16 02:24:49 UTC 2019

Hello everyone,

I'm wondering if anyone has come across cases of
valence morphemes/derivations described as "affixes" or "clitics" that can
have wide-scope over coordinated verbs, like in English (imagining the
passive is just marked by "was").

"The monkey was lifted up and untied (by his mother)"

but where the passive morpheme is analyzed as an affix or a clitic (by
someone) - presumably in such cases there would be no "government" of the
verb forms as there is in English.

I've found in Chacobo the bound affix/clitics vary in terms of whether they
can have wide scope depending on the type of coordinate/subordinate
construction, and right now the difference seems to be a somewhat arbitrary
structural fact (indeed I just analyze it as a difference in the "size" of
the constituent being coordinated).

But I have a suspicion that there is something else about the semantics of
valency and its relationship to wide-scope, so any pointers would be very



Adam J.R. Tallman
PhD, University of Texas at Austin
Investigador del Museo de Etnografía y Folklore, la Paz
ELDP -- Postdoctorante
CNRS -- Dynamique Du Langage (UMR 5596)
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