[Lingtyp] Adjective word order cognitive universal

Randy J. LaPolla randy.lapolla at gmail.com
Sun Oct 13 16:24:50 UTC 2019

Hi Hedvig,
The idea that there is some cognitive/functional regularity to and explanation for the order of elements is not new, the best discussion of the complexities of this being Halliday 1994 (section on this attached). It is not as simple as often treated in typology, once function is taken into account.

Randy J. LaPolla, PhD FAHA (羅仁地)
Professor of Linguistics, with courtesy appointment in Chinese, School of Humanities 
Nanyang Technological University
HSS-03-45, 48 Nanyang Avenue | Singapore 639818
Most recent books:
The Sino-Tibetan Languages, 2nd Edition (2017)
https://www.routledge.com/The-Sino-Tibetan-Languages-2nd-Edition/LaPolla-Thurgood/p/book/9781138783324 <https://www.routledge.com/The-Sino-Tibetan-Languages-2nd-Edition/LaPolla-Thurgood/p/book/9781138783324>
Sino-Tibetan Linguistics (2018)
https://www.routledge.com/Sino-Tibetan-Linguistics/LaPolla/p/book/9780415577397 <https://www.routledge.com/Sino-Tibetan-Linguistics/LaPolla/p/book/9780415577397>

> On 13 Oct 2019, at 11:02 AM, Hedvig Skirgård <hedvig.skirgard at gmail.com> wrote:
> Dear LINGTYP, 
> In a recent paper on word order and cognitive universals, Alexander Martin, Theeraporn Ratitamkul, Klaus Abels, David Adger and Jennifer Culbertson argue that there are certain cognitive constraints when it comes to the placement of numerals, demonstratives and adjectives in a noun phrase. 
> "First, the most common orders place adjectives closest to the noun, then numerals, then demonstratives (e.g., N-Adj-Num-Dem). Second, exceptions to this are restricted to post-nominal position (e.g., N-Dem-Num-Adj, but not, for instance, Adj-Num-Dem-N)."
> https://www.degruyter.com/view/j/lingvan.2019.5.issue-1/lingvan-2018-0072/lingvan-2018-0072.xml <https://www.degruyter.com/view/j/lingvan.2019.5.issue-1/lingvan-2018-0072/lingvan-2018-0072.xml>
> Is there anyone on this list that know of an example of Adj-Num-Dem-N being the most common order in a language? 
> Caveats for the existence of "adjectives" as a category of course, anything that is functionally similar enough will do. (Same for the others.)
> Thanks!
> Med vänliga hälsningar,
> Hedvig Skirgård
> PhD Candidate
> The Wellsprings of Linguistic Diversity
> ARC Centre of Excellence for the Dynamics of Language
> School of Culture, History, and Language
> College of Asia and the Pacific
> The Australian National University
> Website <https://sites.google.com/site/hedvigskirgard/>
> P.S. If you have multiple email addresses, I kindly ask you to just use one with corresponding with me. Email threads and invites to get confusing otherwise. I will only email you from my Gmail, even if other email addresses re-direct emails to them to my Gmail (ANU etc).
> _______________________________________________
> Lingtyp mailing list
> Lingtyp at listserv.linguistlist.org
> http://listserv.linguistlist.org/mailman/listinfo/lingtyp

-------------- next part --------------
An HTML attachment was scrubbed...
URL: <http://listserv.linguistlist.org/pipermail/lingtyp/attachments/20191014/acde31aa/attachment.htm>
-------------- next part --------------
A non-text attachment was scrubbed...
Name: Pages from Halliday 1994 An Introduction to Functional Grammar (Second Edition).pdf
Type: application/pdf
Size: 201976 bytes
Desc: not available
URL: <http://listserv.linguistlist.org/pipermail/lingtyp/attachments/20191014/acde31aa/attachment.pdf>
-------------- next part --------------
An HTML attachment was scrubbed...
URL: <http://listserv.linguistlist.org/pipermail/lingtyp/attachments/20191014/acde31aa/attachment-0001.htm>

More information about the Lingtyp mailing list