[Lingtyp] Clauses without any overt predicative content (and negation)

Miestamo, Matti M P matti.miestamo at helsinki.fi
Wed Dec 8 14:01:17 UTC 2021

Dear All,

I'm not sure how relevant this is to the original query, but since Adam mentioned the Dravidian unmarked negatives, I could point out the following two papers by Christiane Pilot-Raichoor addressing the issue: 

Pilot-Raichoor, Christiane. 1997. Le zéro négatif dans les conjugaisons dravidiennes. Faits de langues 10: 77–102.

Pilot-Raichoor, Christiane. 2010. The Dravidian zero negative: Conceptualisation and diachronic context of its morphogenesis. In Rara & Rarissima: Documenting the fringes of linguistic diversity, Jan Wohlgemuth and Michael Cysouw (eds.), 267–304. (Empirical Approaches to Language Typology; 46). Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.

I have written on the issue of negation without overt negators from a more general typological perspective, here's the reference:
Miestamo, Matti. 2010. Negatives without negators. In Jan Wohlgemuth & Michael Cysouw (eds.), Rethinking universals: How rarities affect linguistic theory (Empirical Approaches to Language Typology 45), 169-194. Berlin/New York: Mouton de Gruyter. [prepublication version available through the link in the signature below]

Best wishes,

Matti Miestamo

> Adam Singerman <adamsingerman at gmail.com> kirjoitti 3.12.2021 kello 20.19:
> Dear Bastian,
> Your question reminded me of "unmarked" negation, which is rare but
> still attested. In several (many? all?) Dravidian languages, negation
> is indicated via a lack of mood morphology. So negation looks
> unmarked; it is realized as the absence of normal mood marking.
> Something similar happens in Karitiana, a Tupían language of Brazil,
> as described by Luciana Storto: while Karitiana has an overt negative
> particle, it's usually omitted; the negative interpretation arises
> because a negated predicate lacks its normal inflectional trappings,
> including mood. Luciana's paper on Karitiana negation is available in
> the following volume from UBCWPL (I have a PDF copy available):
> https://lingpapers.sites.olt.ubc.ca/opl-volumes/wa7-xweysas-i-nqwaluttensa-i-ucwalmicwa-he-loves-the-peoples-languages/
> I know this isn't exactly what you asked about, but I hope these facts
> prove useful to you anyway.
> All the best,
> Adam
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