[Lingtyp] FW: FW: Grammatical marking of insults (?)

Mira Ariel mariel at tauex.tau.ac.il
Tue Dec 14 21:26:45 UTC 2021


Here's from my student, Alon Fishman (not yet approved by the lingtyp).

Mira Ariel

From: Alon Fishman [mailto:alonfishm at gmail.com]
Sent: Tuesday, December 14, 2021 10:41 PM
To: Mira Ariel <mariel at tauex.tau.ac.il>
Subject: Re: FW: [Lingtyp] Grammatical marking of insults (?)

I have an unpublished manuscript about the vocative particle ya and the construction xatixat PRED 'piece.of PRED' in Hebrew, both of which are not insults themselves but are used to grammatically mark insults. As David Gil notes, ya is usually but not always derogative. I describe its function as marking an evaluative address (in the sense of Zwicky 1974, 2004). xatixat has a dedicated function as a grammatical derogative marker, in addition to a function as an intensifier and its literal denotational meaning. When they are put together, i.e. ya xatixat PRED, the result is invariably derogative. Feel free to contact me for more information.

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