[Lingtyp] Morphologically complex clitics?

Tim Zingler timzingler at unm.edu
Tue Mar 30 14:27:26 UTC 2021


off the top of my head, I could only think of the connective in Fwe, about which Gunnink (2018: 167) says that it consists of a stem and a pronominal prefix. I'm not an expert on the language, but I think it fits the definition.

min-we            i-ó=                 mu-ánce
NP4-finger       PP4-CON        NP1-child
‘the fingers of the child’ (Gunnink 2018: 167)

The grammar can be downloaded here:

This is a very interesting inquiry, by the way. Thanks for starting this discussion.


From: Lingtyp <lingtyp-bounces at listserv.linguistlist.org> on behalf of florian.matter at isw.unibe.ch <florian.matter at isw.unibe.ch>
Sent: Tuesday, March 30, 2021 5:35 AM
To: lingtyp at listserv.linguistlist.org <lingtyp at listserv.linguistlist.org>
Subject: [Lingtyp] Morphologically complex clitics?


Dear all,

I am looking for examples of morphologically complex clitics — i.e., g-words that a) do not form their own p-words and b) consist of multiple morphemes. Below are some of the few examples I have found. In (1-2), it is an encliticized copula which carries person inflection. In (3), the verb complex consists of a finite verb, a converb, and an auxiliary, each their own g-word. Both the finite verb and the auxiliary are inflected for first person and therefore morphologically complex.

(1) Trió (Cariban)
    'I am playing' (Meira 1999: 180)

(2) Ecuadorian Quechua
    paj  mana wasi-bi=t͡ʃu=ga-n
    3PRO NEG  house-LOC=NEG=be-3
    'S/he is not at home.' (Muysken 2010: 197)

(3) Nangikurrunggurr (Southern Daly)
    jawul karicinmade ŋebem=wuɹic=ŋiɹim                catma
    spear bent        1SG.S.bash.PRS=fix=1SG.S.sit.PRS straight
    'I'm sitting straightening this bent spear.' (Reid 2003: 114)

I am grateful for any further examples of such patterns, or references to literature on morphologically complex clitics.



Universität Bern

Institut für Sprachwissenschaft

Florian Matter

Länggassstrasse 49

CH-3012 Bern

Tel. +41 31 631 37 54

Raum B 168

florian.matter at isw.unibe.ch<mailto:florian.matter at isw.unibe.ch>

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