[Lingtyp] Fwd: Uncertainty over the use of the term "vocative" in this instance

Gilles Authier gilles.authier at gmail.com
Tue May 11 04:32:45 UTC 2021


A similarly ambiguous morph is found in Georgian:

- vocative 'case' -o

- clause final quotative =o


On Tue, May 11, 2021 at 1:06 AM Arnold M. Zwicky <zwicky at stanford.edu>

> meant to go to the list, not just to Thomas Diaz:
> Begin forwarded message:
> *From: *Arnold Zwicky <zwicky at stanford.edu>
> *Subject: **Re: [Lingtyp] Uncertainty over the use of the term "vocative"
> in this instance*
> *Date: *May 10, 2021 at 1:30:25 PM PDT
> *To: *Thomas Diaz <tsdiaz at buffalo.edu>
> On May 10, 2021, at 11:11 AM, Thomas Diaz <tsdiaz at buffalo.edu> wrote:
> Hello all,
> I am writing a grammatical description of a language called Heyo, a
> Torricelli language spoken in northwestern Papua New Guinea, for my
> dissertation. I have come across a clitic =o that I am not sure what to
> call. I am currently calling/glossing it as a vocative, as it can serve a
> vocative function as in the two following examples.
> boi=o!
> boy=VOC
> 'hey, boy!'
> Tawaks=o!
> tawaks=VOC
> 'hey, Tawaks!'
> Not just a vocative function, but one of the two types of vocative
> function: it's a call, rather than an address. These are the terms from my
> article "Hey, Whatsyourname!" in CLS 10 (1974), available on-line in
> https://web.stanford.edu/~zwicky/hey-whatsyourname.pdf
> (The distinction is made by Schegloff 1968, under the names "summons" vs.
> "term of address".)
> From my 1974 paper: Calls are designed to catch the addressee's attention,
> addresses to maintain or emphasze the contact between speaker and
> addressee.`
> But this doesn't speak to your larger problem, namely how to classify,
> characterize the meaning/function of, and name the clitic =o! You seem to
> be assuming that it is (basically, in some sense of "basically") an
> adnominal clitic with call function, but can be used attached to verbs (or,
> perhaps, attached sentence-finally, or clause-finally) with some related
> function. But maybe it should be treated as a sentence-final clitic with an
> attention-getting function ('listen to this!'). Or other imaginable
> possibilites (even that there are two homophonous clitics here, related
> only historically). All that's for you to work out.
> Arnold
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