[Lingtyp] Tripartite Differential Argument Marking?
jussi.ylikoski at utu.fi
Thu Dec 29 15:17:27 UTC 2022
Not knowing a better term, I have a question on Tripartite Differential Argument Marking. Put concretely, are there any studies on phenomena illustrated in the following examples from South Saami and Finnish (with rough translations)?
(1) South Saami (Uralic)
a. Byöpmedh peara-h!
‘Eat (many) potatoes!’
b. Byöpmedh pear-ide!
‘Eat the potatoes!’
a. Byöpmedh pear-ijste!
‘Eat (partially some of the) potatoes!’
(2) Finnish (Uralic)
a. Suklaa löyty-i.
‘The chocolate was found.’
b. Suklaa-ta löyty-i.
‘(Some) chocolate was found / There was (some) chocolate.’
c. Suklaa-ssa löyty-i.
‘There was a lot of chocolate.’
Although the South Saami elative (ela) case or the Finnish inessive (ine) case have not been traditionally considered object (1c) or subject (2c) markers, my main concern here is not the terminology, but instead, I would be happy to know whether there are any studies – or any information, for that matter – on alternating argument marking involving more than two different grammatical markers, as seen in the above examples.
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