[Lingtyp] Affectionate or sympathy marking
Cat.Butz at hhu.de
Thu Jan 12 12:20:24 UTC 2023
Japanese uses one of its most internationally known words to express
"poor doggy" (lit. doggy that seems/looks cute)
The suffix/clitic "-sóo" generally expresses evidentiality (e.g.
Oishi-sóo! 'tasty-EVID' "That [food] looks good!"), but in the case of
"kawai-sóo" has lexicalized into an expression of sympathy.
Cat Butz (she)
HHU Düsseldorf, general linguistics
Cat Butz (sie)
HHU Düsseldorf, allgemeine Sprachwissenschaft
Am 2023-01-12 11:10, schrieb Christian Döhler:
> Dear colleagues,
> I am looking for publications that address the difference between (1)
> and (2). In (2), the English adjective _poor_ is used to signal the
> speaker's sympathy or affection towards the dog.
> * _The dog is waiting for its owner._
> * _The poor dog is waiting for its owner._
> While English (and my native German) does this by extending the
> meaning of the adjective _poor _(and _arm_ in German), other languages
> have special words with only that meaning. For example, Komnzo _bana
> _is a postposed adjective that only conveys sympathy.
> _ ni bananzo namnzr karen._
> _ _ni bana=nzo na\m/nzr
> 1NSG SYMP=only 1PL:NPST:IPFV/stay village=LOC
> 'Only we poor guys stay behind in the village' (subtext: 'while
> the others are going to the celebration in the neighbouring village')
> (NSG = non-singular, SYMP = sympathy marker, NPST = nonpast)
> Yet other languages seem to have special verb morphology for this. Van
> Tongeren describes this for Suki (her PhD grammar will probably be
> available later this year).
> Pointers to more examples and publications of this are most welcome. I
> was googling this with keywords like "sympathy", "empathy",
> "affection", but with not much luck. So there might be a whole
> literature on this phenomenon under different terminology. If that's
> the case, then please excuse my ignorance.
> Very Best,
> Dr. Christian Döhler
> Leibniz-Zentrum Allgemeine Sprachwissenschaft (ZAS)
> Schützenstraße 18
> 10117 Berlin
> Raum: 445
> Tel.: +49 30 20192 412
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