[Lingtyp] Grammaticalised emotional states
sebastian.nordhoff at glottotopia.de
Mon Mar 6 08:57:21 UTC 2023
would "fear" relate to an actual event (I am afraid of the fire) or of a
potential event (I am afraid that my house might burn)?
Timitive modality might be something to look for.
Marrithiyel (Western Daly, Australia; Green 1989:80; 170)
APPREHENSIVE: SPEAKER’S FEAR
3S.REAL-go-1SGO .NSG.NIRR.S-leave-3 PL-APPR
‘(I’m afraid) they might leave me.’
There are more examples in that presentation.
Green, Ian. 1989. Marrithiyel: A Language of the Daly River Region of
Australia’s Northern Territory. Canberra: The
Australian National University PhD Diss.
On 3/6/23 09:29, Ponrawee Prasertsom wrote:
> Dear typologists,
> There has been claims in the literature (Cinque, 2013) that (at least
> some) speakers' emotional states toward a situation such as "fear" and
> "worry" are not grammatically encoded in any language, where
> "grammatically encoded" means not encoded by closed-class items
> ("closed-class" in a morphosyntactic sense: a group of morphemes that
> occur in the same slot that do not easily admit new items and/or have
> few members).
> I am interested in examples of any grammaticalized marker for any
> emotional states (not necessarily "fear" and "worry"). I am interested
> in both markers of 1) the /speaker/'s emotional states toward the
> situation being expressed as well as 2) of the /subject/'s emotional
> states toward the situation. The class of the item could be bound
> (clitics, affixes) or free (particles, auxiliary verbs) as long as it
> could be shown to be (somewhat) closed. I am only interested in markers
> specialised for specific emotions, and not, e.g., impoliteness markers
> that could be used when the speaker is angry.
> The "(un)happy about the verb" infixes /-ei/- and -/äng-/ from the
> constructed language Na'vi would be the paradigm example of what I am
> looking for if they actually existed in a natural language.
> A potential example is Japanese /-yagatte, /which some have told me have
> grammaticalised into an affix encoding anger about the action. I'm also
> looking into whether there is evidence that this is actually part of a
> closed-class and would appreciate any pointers/more information.
> Thank you very much in advance.
> Best regards,
> Ponrawee Prasertsom
> PhD student
> Centre for Language Evolution
> University of Edinburgh
> Cinque, G. (2013). Cognition, universal grammar, and typological
> generalizations. Lingua, 130, 50–65.
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