[Lingtyp] sources: p-word inside and smaller than g-word

Woodbury, Anthony C woodbury at austin.utexas.edu
Tue Mar 28 23:15:01 UTC 2023

Hi Adam,

Eric Campbell’s dissertation on the phonology and morphology of Zenzontepec Chatino is a good example of what you are looking for, and furthermore defines its terms carefully and then supports the p-word inside g-word claim carefully. He concludes (p. 319):

"As the discussion in this section has shown, the structure of Zenzontepec Chatino is such that a single grammatical word often consists of several phonological words since component stems in compounds and all enclitics behave as separate phonological words. This is especially the case for verbs, which is where the majority of the morphology is found in the language. The converse is not true, as there are only a few cases where two grammatical words join to form one phonological word, as is the case in contractions (§5.8).”

And this is a conclusion one can readily come to for a Zapotecan language, since the host for tonemes or tunes is rarely more than three syllables and isolable, and uniquely hosts a variety of phonological or morphophonological processes; while verbal templates range over domains containing potentially many of these tone hosting units.


Campbell, Eric W. 2014. Aspects of the phonology and morphology of Zenzontepec Chatino, an Zapotecan language of Oaxaca, Mexico. University of Texas at Austin Doctoral Dissertation.

On Mar 28, 2023, at 7:00 AM, Adam James Ross Tallman <ajrtallman at utexas.edu<mailto:ajrtallman at utexas.edu>> wrote:
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Hey all,

I'm trying to gather sources on cases where researchers specifically
discuss elements or constructions whereby a p-word is inside a g-word.

( ... (...)p_word ... )gword

Woodbury calls these "unclitics" and Z??iga calls these "anticlitics".
Another well known article by Bickel et al. argues that prefixes in
Chintang can be regarded as p-words.

Anyone have any recent studies to share on this? I'd be interested. I'm
specifically interested in researchers that take the time to explain why
their g-word in such cases should not be considered a phrase (a
"g-phrase"?). A related issue is why the p-word should not be considered a
p-stem or a smaller prosodic constituent a? la Downing inter alia.


p.s. not interested in having a debate about whether these things are real,
just looking for sources. If you want to discuss whether such constructions
"exist" or whatever, I would appreciate it if you started this on a
different email chain.


Z??iga, F.
(Anti)-cliticization in Mapudungun
*Morphology, **2014*, 161-175
Bickel, B.; Banjade, G.; Gaenszle, M.; Lieven, E.; Paudyal, N. P.; Rai, I.
P.; Rai, M.; Rai, N. K. & Stoll, S.
Free Prefix Ordering in Chintang
*Language, **2007**, 83*, 42-73
Woodbury, A.C.
Atkan Aleut "unclitic" pronouns and definiteness: A multimodular analysis
Pragmatics and Autolexical Grammar in honor of Jerry Sadock, Benjamins,
2011, 125-141
Downing, L. J. & Kadenge, M.
Re-placing PStem in the prosodic hierarchy The Linguistic Review, 2020, 3,
Adam J.R. Tallman
Post-doctoral Researcher
Friedrich Schiller Universit?t
Department of English Studies

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