ineixcahuil question

Campbell, R. Joe campbel at
Tue Dec 9 06:08:11 UTC 2008

Dear Molly,

   I wish I had Michael's memory, but it would be very unfair to him 
for us to trade.  I'll just add a comment and some examples.

   In the examples below, one can see in the finite verb forms that 
...ixcahuia... involves being concerned with something, concentrating 
on something, etc.

   ninixcahuia     entender solo en algun negocio

   I assume that -cahuia is the benefactive form (often referred to as 
the applicative) of cahua.

   The nominalization of mo-ix-cahui-(a) is ne-ix-cahui-l-li and your 
possessed form follows directly from that.  ... and the 'mo' is 
replaced by the non-specific reflexive 'ne'.

I put the examples below.



Quoting Molly Bassett <mbassett at>:

> Hi, all.
> I'm working through several passages in Sahagún's General History
> that  contain the word ineixcahuil.  Dibble & Anderson translate the
> term  "his personal privilege," "characteristics" or "his special
> attribute" (2:52, 10:118a and 11:228), but I'm not sure how they
> determined these translations.  In particular, I'm stuck on the final
> - l.  Is it a patientive noun ending (Lockhart 28)?  If so, does the
> word mean something like "his abandoned/relinquished face/ surface?"
> [Molina has "neixcahuillalacolli. culpa especial y propriad  e
> alguno" (66r).]
> ineixcahuil
> i-  > -ne- > -ix(tli)- > -ca(hua)- > -hui- > -l >
> Thanks for any thoughts you may have.
> Molly Bassett
> ______________
> Molly Bassett
> Ph.D. Candidate, Religious Studies
> University of California, Santa Barbara
* i:xtli     ca:hua ***

ahtlaixcahua. she is careful.  [ah1-p51-i:xtli-ca:hua] FC.
ahtleh quixcahua. he is envious of everything, he covets everything.
    [ah1-tleh p33-i:xtli-ca:hua] FC.
aixcahualoni. one who is not to be neglected.  [ah1-i:xtli-ca:hua-lo:1-
    ni1] FC.
amechonmotlaixcahualtilia. he [H.] causes you [pl.] to lose.  [p42-o:n-
    p54-p51-i:xtli-ca:hua-caus01-ben H1] FC.
anconixcahuia. you [pl.] deal with it exclusively, you [pl.] tend to it
    alone.  [p22-p33-o:n-i:xtli-ca:hua-ben] FC.
cemixcahuia     cosa.  [p11-p33-cem-i:xtli-ca:hua-ben] 71m2-3.
conixcahua. they take their eyes off him.  [p33-o:n-i:xtli-ca:hua] FC.
conm[o]ixcahualtia. he neglects it.  [p33-o:n-p54-i:xtli-ca:hua-caus01]
connixcahuaya. they let him out of their sight.  [p33-o:n-i:xtli-ca:hua-
    ya3] FC.

ineixcahuil. his personal privilege.  [poss-p53-i:xtli-ca:hua-ben-l1]
ineixcahuil. his private thing.  [poss-p53-i:xtli-ca:hua-ben-l1] FC.
ineixcahuil. its characeristic.  [poss-p53-i:xtli-ca:hua-ben-l1] FC.

ineixcahuilaxcatzin. his [H.] exclusive property.  [poss-p53-i:xtli-
    ca:hua-ben-l1-a:xca:itl-tzin] FC.
ineixcahuiltoca. its name.  [poss-p53-i:xtli-ca:hua-ben-l1-to:ca:itl] FC.
ineixcahuiltoca. its proper name.  [poss-p53-i:xtli-ca:hua-ben-l1-
    to:ca:itl] FC.
ineixcahuiltzin. his possession.  [poss-p53-i:xtli-ca:hua-ben-l1-tzin] FC.
inneixcahuil. .  [poss-p53-i:xtli-ca:hua-ben-l1] FC.
inneixcahuil. their function.  [poss-p53-i:xtli-ca:hua-ben-l1] FC.
inneixcahuil. their personal charge.  [poss-p53-i:xtli-ca:hua-ben-l1] FC.
inneixcahuil. their privilege.  [poss-p53-i:xtli-ca:hua-ben-l1] FC.
inneixcahuil. their sole property.  [poss-p53-i:xtli-ca:hua-ben-l1]
ixcahua ®h niqu®h oniquixcauh. ser apretado o escasso.  [ah1-
    tleh p11-p33-i:xtli-ca:hua] 71m2-2.
ixcahua ®h niqu. auaricia tener.  [ah1-tleh p11-p33-i:xtli-ca:hua]
ixcahua ®h niqu. auaricia tener.  [ah1-tleh p11-p33-i:xtli-ca:hua]
ixcahua ®h niqu. escasso ser.  [ah1-tleh p11-p33-i:xtli-ca:hua
    +mis_analysis.1] 71m1-10.
ixcahua ®h niqu. mezquino ser.  [ah1-tleh p11-p33-i:xtli-ca:hua
    +mis_analysis.1] 71m1-15.
ixcahua ®h qu. cobdicioso de dinero.  [ah1-tleh p33-i:xtli-ca:hua]
ixcahua ®h qu. codicioso o escasso.  [ah1-tleh p33-i:xtli-ca:hua]
ixcahua ®h qu. escasso.  [ah1-tleh p33-i:xtli-ca:hua] 71m1-10.
ixcahua ®h qu. guardador escasso.  [ah1-tleh p33-i:xtli-ca:hua]
ixcahua ®h qu. mezquino.  [ah1-tleh p33-i:xtli-ca:hua] 71m1-15.
ixcahua ®h qu. miserable escasso.  [ah1-tleh p33-i:xtli-ca:hua]
ixcahua     negligencia.  [p11-p51-i:xtli-ca:hua] 71m2-8.
ixcahua     ca:hua] 55m-6.
ixcahua     ca:hua] 71m1-8.
ixcahua ahtleh     [p11-p33-i:xtli-ca:hua ah1-tleh] 71m2-8.
ixcahualiztli ®h qu. auaricia.  [ah1-tleh p33-i:xtli-ca:hua-liz]
ixcahualiztli ®h qu. auaricia, o escaseza.  [ah1-tleh p33-i:xtli-
    ca:hua-liz] 71m1-3.
ixcahualtia     negligencia.  [p11-p33-p54-i:xtli-ca:hua-caus01] 71m2-8.
ixcahualtia     defraudado  de algo por mi culpa y negligencia.  [p11-p33-p54-i:xtli-
    ca:hua-caus01] 71m1-17.
ixcahualtia     descuido y negligencia.  [p11-p54-p51-i:xtli-ca:hua-caus01
    +mis_analysis.] 71m2-21.
ixcahualtia     +mis_analysis.4] 55m-5.
ixcahualtia     71m1-7.
ixcahualtia     de alguno.  [p11-p52-p51-i:xtli-ca:hua-caus01] 71m2-8.
ixcahualtiliztli     caus01-liz] 55m-5.
ixcahualtiliztli     i:xtli-ca:hua-caus01-liz] 71m2-12.
ixcahualtiliztli     caus01-liz] 71m1-7.
ixcahuani ®h qu. auariento.  [ah1-tleh p33-i:xtli-ca:hua-ni1] 55m-1.
ixcahuani ®h qu. auariento.  [ah1-tleh p33-i:xtli-ca:hua-ni1] 71m1-3.
ixcahuia     i:xtli-ca:hua-ben] 71m2-10.
ixcahuia ixcahuia     de alguna cosa, sin partirla con otros.  [p11-p33-p54-i:xtli-ca:hua-
    ben] 71m2-8.
ixcahuia     ca:hua-ben] 55m-8.
ixcahuia     ca:hua-ben] 71m1-10.
ixcahuia     que me toca.  [p11-p54-i:xtli-ca:hua-ben] 71m2-8.
ixcahuia     ben] 55m-8.
ixcahuia     ben +mis_analysis.2] 71m1-10.
ixcahuia     12.
ixcahuia     ben] 71m1-13.
ixcahuia     ben] 71m2-8.
ixcahuia     p51-i:xtli-ca:hua-ben] 71m2-8.
ixcahuia ixcahuia ixcahuia     ben] 55m-8.
ixcahuia     ben] 71m1-10.
ixcahuia in inacayo     in poss-nacatl-yo:tl1] 55m-3.
ixcahuia in inacayo     poss-nacatl-yo:tl1] 71m1-4.
ixcahuia inacayo     poss-nacatl-yo:tl1] 71m2-15.
ixcahuiani ixcahuihqui     absorto enel.  [p51-i:xtli-ca:hua-ben-prt1-c2] 71m2-21.
ixcahuihqui ixcahuil     alguno.  [poss-p53-i:xtli-ca:hua-ben-l1] 71m2-12.
ixcahuil     ca:hua-ben-l1] 71m1-16.
ixcahuil     ca:hua-ben-l1] 55m-14.
ixcahuil in totecuiyo     p53-i:xtli-ca:hua-ben-l1 in poss-te:uctli-yo:tl1] 71m2-7.
ixcahuilchicahualiz     persona.  [poss-p53-i:xtli-ca:hua-ben-l1-chica:hua-liz] 71m2-12.
ixcahuilchicahualiz     p53-i:xtli-ca:hua-ben-l1-chica:hua-liz] 71m2-25.
ixcahuillahtlacolli     i:xtli-ca:hua-l1-p51-ihtlacahui-l1 +ltl>ll] 71m2-11.
ixcahuilo. people are concerned, there is attention to.  [i:xtli-ca:hua-
    ben-lo:2] FC.
ixcauhticatca. .  [i:xtli-ca:hua-prt1-ti1-ca:1a-ca10] FC.
ixcuamacahua     el mecapalli.  [p11-p51-i:xtli-cua:itl-ma:itl-ca:hua] 71m2-8.
ixmacahua     p52-i:xtli-ma:itl-ca:hua] 71m2-8.
ixmacahua     tameme.  [p11-p51-i:xtli-ma:itl-ca:hua] 71m2-8.
m[o]ixcahuia. they are concerned, they are involved, it is their doing.
    [p54-i:xtli-ca:hua-ben] FC.
m[o]ixcahuia. they are concerned, they are involved, they pay heed.
    [p54-i:xtli-ca:hua-ben] FC.
m[o]ixcahuia. they are involved, they are concerned.  [p54-i:xtli-
    ca:hua-ben] FC.
m[o]ixcahuia. they are involved.  [p54-i:xtli-ca:hua-ben] FC.
m[o]ixcahuiaya. they concerned themselves solely.  [p54-i:xtli-ca:hua-
    ben-ya3] FC.
m[o]ixcahuiaya. they were solely concerned, they were solely involved.
    [p54-i:xtli-ca:hua-ben-ya3] FC.
m[o]ixcahuicoh. they came concerning themselves (with this).  [p54-
    i:xtli-ca:hua-ben-dir1b] FC.
m[o]ixcahuitica. .  [p54-i:xtli-ca:hua-ben-prt1-ti1-ca:1a aux11a] FC.
m[o]ixcahuitica. he is dedicated to it.  [p54-i:xtli-ca:hua-ben-prt1-
    ti1-ca:1a aux11a] FC.
m[o]ixcahuitoqueh. .  [p54-i:xtli-ca:hua-ben-prt1-ti1-o-plur01] FC.
m[o]ixcahuiz. .  [p54-i:xtli-ca:hua-ben-z] FC.
m[o]ixcahuiz. it will be used alone.  [p54-i:xtli-ca:hua-ben-z] FC.
moneixcahuiltzin. your own affair.  [poss-p53-i:xtli-ca:hua-ben-l1-
    tzin] FC.
moteixcahuiani. .  [p54-p52-i:xtli-ca:hua-ben-ni1] FC.
neixcahuilo. there is doing of only one thing.  [p53-i:xtli-ca:hua-ben-
    lo:2] FC.
nicn[o]ixcahui. .  [p11-p33-p54-i:xtli-ca:hua-ben-opt] FC.
onixcahualo. there is carelessness.  [o:n-i:xtli-ca:hua-lo:2] FC.
oquixcauhqueh. they forgot him.  [o:-p33-i:xtli-ca:hua-prt1-plur01]
quim[o]ixcahualtia. .  [p33-o:n-p54-i:xtli-ca:hua-caus01] FC.
quim[o]ixcahuiaya. .  [p33-p54-i:xtli-ca:hua-ben-ya3] FC.
quixcahua. .  [p33-i:xtli-ca:hua] FC.
quixcahua. he neglects him.  [p33-i:xtli-ca:hua] FC.
quixcahuia. .  [p33-i:xtli-ca:hua-ben] FC.
quixcahuia. he is given to it.  [p33-i:xtli-ca:hua-ben] FC.
quixcahuia. he shows preference for it, he tends to it alone.  [p33-
    i:xtli-ca:hua-ben] FC.
quixcahuia. she devotes herself to it; she tends to it alone.  [p33-
    i:xtli-ca:hua-ben] FC.
quixcahuia. they are involved with it only; they tend to it alone.
    [p33-i:xtli-ca:hua-ben] FC.
quixcahuia. they devote themselves to it; they tend to it alone.  [p33-
    i:xtli-ca:hua-ben] FC.
quixcahuiaya. .  [p33-i:xtli-ca:hua-ben-ya3] FC.
quixcahuiaya. he attended to just one thing.  [p33-i:xtli-ca:hua-ben-
    ya3] FC.
quixcahuiaya. he concerned himself exclusively with it.  [p33-i:xtli-
    ca:hua-ben-ya3] FC.
quixcahuiaya. they did one thing.  [p33-i:xtli-ca:hua-ben-ya3] FC.
quixcahuiaya. they specialized in it.  [p33-i:xtli-ca:hua-ben-ya3] FC.
quixcahuihtica. .  [p33-i:xtli-ca:hua-ben-prt1-ti1-ca:1a aux11a] FC.
tiquixcahuicoh. we came to greet only him.  [p21-p33-i:xtli-ca:hua-ben-
    dir1b] FC.
tiquixcahuiz. you think only of it.  [p12-p33-i:xtli-ca:hua-ben-z] FC.
toneixcahuil. their privilege.  [poss-p53-i:xtli-ca:hua-ben-l1] FC.


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