[Tibeto-burman-linguistics] Questionnaire Evidentiality and Speakers's attitude

Bettina Zeisler zeis at uni-tuebingen.de
Mon Jun 13 16:42:32 UTC 2016

Dear all,

in my two-decades-long work on Ladakhi, I stumbled on more and more  
examples that did not match the expected distribution of auxiliaries  
as derived from a clear-cut evidential system (if that ever exists).  
This has led me to start a new project on 'evidentiality' and  
speaker's attitude in Ladakhi, and for this purpose I have assembled a  
questionnaire, which attempts at listing all contexts that might be  
crucial for the choice of one and the other form together with some  
examples for each context. Even though this is only a first draft  
version, I should like to share it with all those who work on  
'evidentiality' in Tibetic or Tibeto-Burman languages.

Of course, one cannot project the behaviour of Ladakhi 'evidentials'  
onto any other language, but I hope you may nevertheless find the  
examples interesting, if not inspiring. Since all languages and even  
the dialects have different cuttoff points, I would be happy to hear  
from you, in which cases "your" language differs from the examples  
given. And I would be even more happy to hear or rather read of other  
crucial contexts, not yet listed.

The questionnaire also includes a first overview over what I'd like to  
call evaluative markers, that is, markers for inference, guessing,  
probabilities, and shared knowledge. These are very difficult to tease  
appart, as their functions overlap to a certain extend. Again I would  
be happy about any comment concerning this type of markers in other  
Tibetic or Tibeto-Burman languages.

The questionnaire is also uploaded at my personal page:
and at academia.edu: https://uni-tuebingen.academia.edu/BettinaZeisler

Looking foreward to your feed back
and with greetings from Ladakh

Bettina Zeisler
DFG Project
Evidentiality, epistemic modality, and speaker attitude in Ladakhi -
Modality and the interface for semantics, pragmatics, and grammar
Universität Tübingen
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