Salt Water Taffy (1939)
Bapopik at AOL.COM
Bapopik at AOL.COM
Sat Aug 4 13:36:45 UTC 2001
Perhaps the next DARE will have "Salt Water Taffy." This story comes up on only one site--www.fralingers.com. The site appears to have a Fralinger bias, however.
From the NEW YORK HERALD TRIBUNE, 18 September 1939, pg. 12, col. 4:
_J. R. Edmiston,_
_Dies in Jersey_
_Asserted He Originated Salt_
_Water Taffy, but Court_
_Rejected Claim to Name_
WILDWOOD, N. J., Sept. 17--John Ross Edmiston, sr., former candy manufacturer, who said that he was the originator of salt water taffy, died after a heart attack in his store on the boardwalk here today. He was eighty-six years old.
For years Mr. Edmiston was involved in litigation over salt water taffy, over which he claimed the sole proprietary right. His attempt to bar all other manufacturers from the profits derived from salt water taffy finally met defeat by decision of the United States Supreme Court in April, 1925.
Mr. Edmiston was born in Tyrone, Pa. A graduate of Lebanon Business College, he taught penmanship before opening a candy store on the boardwalk in Atlantic CIty in 1884. His taffy became so popular that his customers insisted that he give it a distinctive name.
_Salt Water Hit Candy_
According to the story of the origin of salt water taffy, one day when the surf pounded on the shore more vigorously than usual, some of the water splashed over Mr. Edmiston's stand onto a slab where some of the candy was cooling. Fearful that the brine had ruined his taffy, Mr. Edmiston tested the confection and found that the water had not penetrated. Thus he hit upon the idea of calling it salt water taffy.
Unaware at the time of the appeal his trademark would exert on the public, Mr. Edmiston permitted another enterprising tradesman to outbid him when his lease was up for renewal. Mr. Edmiston took up another stand a block away, while his successor, Joseph Fralinger, took up the manufacture of salt water taffy.
After suffering losses in a fire in 1886 Mr. Edmiston left Atlantic CIty for Chicago, where he opened four stores. He recovered and augmented his fortune during the Columbian Exposition of 1893.
Chiefly as a result of unfortunate real estate investments, Mr. Edmiston subsequently lost almost everything he had. He left Chicago in 1896 to resume candy manufacturing in New Orleans.
_Litigation Began in 1923_
The protracted litigation over the trade name began in 1923, when Mr. Edmiston applied to the United States Patent Office for the exclusive right to call his confection salt water taffy; He was told that he would have to apply under a proviso which required him to state that for ten years prior to 1905 he had been, to the best of his knowledge, the sole manufacturer of the candy. After he had done so his petition for registration of the trademark was granted.
Mr. Edmiston thereupon notified all other manufacturers to cease use of the name, adding that he inteded to collect royalties on all such candy made under the name of salt-water taffy since 1895. Since the payment of such royalties would have involved millions of dollars, the candy manufacturers, under the leadership of the James Brothers, of Atlantic City, made application for cancellation of the registration of the trademark, as was permitted by law.
The case was carried to the highest court, which ruled against Mr. Edmiston.
("Salt water taffy" is not the only American food/drink to be named after a disaster. See an earlier posting on "pink lemonade"--ed.)
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