Fred Shapiro fred.shapiro at YALE.EDU
Sat Jan 27 14:22:28 UTC 2001

> On Mon, 22 Jan 2001, Paul McFedries wrote:
> > I've heard "kleptocrat" used recently in reference to Laurent Kabila. The
> > OED has "kleptocracy" ("a ruling body or order of thieves"), which it dates
> > to 1819. However, it doesn't have "kleptocrat." Nexis.com reports that its
> > earliest citation is an abstract of a Wall Street Journal article from 1986,
> > which is surprisingly new considering the antiquity of kleptocracy. Does
> > anyone know of any earlier cites for "kleptocrat"?

Here's a still earlier one than my previous posting:

1968 Stanislav Andreski _The African Predicament_ 77  Corruption appears
even more rampant than in the opulent days of the arch kleptocrat

Fred Shapiro

Fred R. Shapiro                             Editor
Associate Librarian for Public Services     YALE DICTIONARY OF QUOTATIONS
  and Lecturer in Legal Research            Yale University Press,
Yale Law School                             forthcoming
e-mail: fred.shapiro at yale.edu               http://quotationdictionary.com

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