Query: Etymology of "Huguenots"

Barnhart barnhart at HIGHLANDS.COM
Wed Jan 7 19:33:38 UTC 2004

>From The Barnhart Dictionary of Etymology (clipped and adapted [no
diacritical marks]):

borrowed from Middle French _huguenot_, the name used in the early 1520's
for the Genevan particsans who opposed the Duke of Savoy.  ...earlier
_eiguenot_[,] was probably an alteration of Swiss German _Eidgenoss_
confederate ... from Middle High German _eitgenoze_ (_eit_ oath + _genoze_
comrande, from Old High German _ginozo_, related to _niozan_ use, enjoy).
The Middle French _Huguenot_ was re-formed from _eiguenot_ probably by
association with the name _Hugues_ Besancon, leader of the Genevan

David K. Barnhart

American Dialect Society <ADS-L at LISTSERV.UGA.EDU> writes:
>---------------------- Information from the mail header
>Sender:       American Dialect Society <ADS-L at LISTSERV.UGA.EDU>
>Poster:       Gerald Cohen <gcohen at UMR.EDU>
>Subject:      Query: Etymology of "Huguenots"
>Would anyone know the latest scholarly thinking on the etymology of
>the term "Huguenots" (French Protestants, followers of John Calvin)?
>Is it really from German Eidgenossen "sworn companions or
>confederates"). Or is it, as some sources say, of unknown origin?
>Gerald Cohen

More information about the Ads-l mailing list