WOTY -- "Great Firewall"
gogaku at IX.NETCOM.COM
Thu Jan 23 20:33:50 UTC 2014
Wikipedia lists "great firewall" as a colloquialism in its article on the Golden Shield Project (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Golden_Shield_Project).
Golden Shield Project - 金盾工程 jīndùn gōngchéng
Great Firewall of China - 防火长城 fánghuǒ chángchéng
The last two characters in Great Firewall of China are "Great Wall" (https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/%E9%95%BF%E5%9F%8E).
Wikipedia says this censorship tool began development in 1998 and went into operation in 2003, which is after the 2001 citations. The article, though, lists a citation in "Wired" in 1997, so it seems there must have been a separate firewall project that is also referred to as the Great Firewall. The Wiki article says this censorship is managed at six Internet gateways.
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On Jan 23, 2014, at 12:21 PM, Joel S. Berson <Berson at ATT.NET> wrote:
> Surely a term whose eponym adversely affected seven percent of the
> world's population deserves the honor. What else could possibly
> result in 500,000,000 hits for up to eight hours?
> "Big Web Crash in China: Experts Suspect Great Firewall", by NICOLE
> PERLROTH, on-line at
> and in print with the headline "Great Firewall Likely at Fault in Web
> Crash" (A1, NY and NE editions).
> Another article, dated Jan. 22 (New World Style), by Amy Qin, on-line
> at the NYTimes web site.
> (Originated probably in 2000. Two books in 2001; one refers to it as
> "what some in the cyberspace community called the Great Firewall of China".)
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