Tagalog ay (24)
POTETJP at wanadoo.fr
Fri Jun 1 11:54:53 UTC 2001
Thank you Cena RESTY and Victoria ANDERSON for your answers.
They made me think a lot yesterday night, and I think I have come up with
1) The sentence is correct and of the equative type (A = B).
English: A is B. Tagalog: B ang A > ang A ay B.
You can fill the A and B slots with practically any full word. You can also
fill them with clauses; each clause is case-tight; only the case of the slot
is determined by the pattern. Once you have filled the slots with clauses,
all you have to do is replace a repeated item by a pronoun etc.
2) Thus I analyse the sentence as follows:
(For the sake of clarity, I have replaced the abbreviation _ng_ by _nang_,
and _kang_ by _ka-ng_.)
B[Ginagawa ka-ng kasing baba nang nagkasala sa iyo] ang A[paghihiganti].
> Ang A[paghihiganti] ay B[ginagawa ka-ng kasing baba nang nagkasala sa
"Revenge makes you as low as the one who did harm to you."
(cases: FF = focus; NFD = non-focus direct; NFI = non-focus indirect)
B[ginagawa ka-ng kasing baba nang nagkasala sa iyo].
B[be-doing / you-sg.-FF-linker / as / low / NFD marker / has-harmed / PREP /
In other words, _paghihiganti_ "taking revenge" is the focus item at the
level of the sentence, while _ka_ (in _ka-ng_) is the focus item within the
clause that fills slot B.
3) Obviously, the underlying clause filling slot B was
[ginagawa ka nang paghihiganti na kasing baba nang nagkasala sa iyo]
[be-doing / you-sg.-FF / NFD marker / taking-revenge / linker / as / low /
NFD marker / has-harmed / PREP / you-NFI]
Then _paghihiganti_ was erased, and pied-piped its non-focus marker _nang_ .
4) This is now a sentence I made myself after this model. It should be
Ang pagpapakita nang pag-ibig nang mag-anak ay sinusulatan at tinatawagan
sila tuwing linggo.
FF A[showing / of / love / of / family] ay B[be-writing-to / and /
be-calling-(to) / them-FF / every-linker / week]
"To show love of one's family is (you) write and telephone them every week."
i.e. "To show your family you love them, you write and telephone them every
Again, thanks a lot.
P.S. I won't expatiate on the term "focus" as used for Austronesian
languages. SCHACHTER's Tagalog grammar will give you a better explanation.
Jean-Paul G. POTET. B. P. 46. 92114 CLICHY CEDEX. FRANCE.
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