Maslova at JPS.NET
Sun Sep 26 04:06:14 UTC 1999
I wonder whether anybody has come across a morphological marker
with the following (or similar) properties:
1) the marker (say, X) combines with qualitative verbal stems,
for example, "be.good" > be.good-X (the language in question
lacks adjectives as a category, so if in some other languages
something with a similar semantics can be attached to adjectives,
this would count as "similar").
2) the resulting form functions as an adverbial, e.g.
be.good-X shoot "to shoot well"
3) the construction is *only* applicable if the property
described by the verb+adverbial phrase ("to shoot well") is
intended to single out one element of a set, whereby the verb
itself can characterize each element of the set, e.g.,
be.good-X shoot-PRTCP man "a man who shoots well"
(for other cases, where a qualitative adverbial meaning, e.g.,
"well" is needed, there is another morphological marker which is
attached to the same stem).
4) It is *not* a superlative form, that is, it is not implied
that (in the example above) the one who shoots *best* is chosen.
It is only required that he do it well. And, that only one entity
is to be chosen.
If such items are attested somewhere, is there a (more or less)
established and/or good grammatical term for them? Or what might
serve as such a term? Should this possibly be analyzed as a sort
of restrictive marking (yet restrictive relative clauses without
qualitative adverbials are not formally distinguished in the
language in question)?
Any help would be strongly appreciated.
University of Bielefeld
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