nominal-internal person agreement
gil at EVA.MPG.DE
Sat Sep 29 04:43:51 UTC 2012
Roon (an Austronesian language of the South Halmahera West New Guinea
group spoken in the Cenderawasih Bay region) has similar constructions,
with NP-internal quantifiers and demonstratives agreeing in number,
gender and person with their nominal heads.
I recently gave a conference paper titled "Person Marked Noun Phrases",
providing a world-wide typological study of person marking within noun
phrases, of which the construction mentioned by Steve Wechsler is a
particular case. In a nutshell, the construction seems pretty rare
worldwide, with a cluster in west New Guinea, plus isolated instances in
Nama and Classical Nahuatl. However, not all of the languages with
person marked noun phrases have the kind of agreement pattern
illustrated in Zulu below. For example, Papuan Malay has person marked
noun phrases but no NP-internal agreement involving quantifiers or other
such attributive modifiers.
BTW, it is indeed very important to ascertain that in a string such as
the Zulu example below, the pronoun and the quantifier form a
constituent. In Hebrew, for example,, analogous strings are also
grammatical, but the quantifier is adverbial and not part of the subject NP.
On 29/09/2012 09:40, Pattie Epps wrote:
> Hello all,
> This query is on behalf of Steve Wechsler:
> It has been noted that (at least some) Bantu languages have person
> agreement inside certain Quantified Noun Phrases:
> Thina s-onke si-fik-ile (Zulu; Doke 1963:94, cited in
> Baker 2008:115)
> we 1pl-all 1pl-arrive-perf
> 'We have all arrived.'
> The quantifier onke 'all' agrees with thina 'we' in person (and
> number). This is said to be typologically rare since adnominals such
> as quantifiers do not normally agree in person. I would be interested
> in any examples of such apparently nominal-internal person agreement
> in Bantu or other languages. In particular, I wonder if phrases like
> [we 1pl-all] can occur in all nominal positions in the sentence (such
> as object position), or rather tend to be sentence-initial.
> Steve Wechsler
> _wechsler at mail.utexas.edu_
Department of Linguistics
Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology
Deutscher Platz 6, D-04103 Leipzig, Germany
Telephone: 49-341-3550321 Fax: 49-341-3550119
Email: gil at eva.mpg.de
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