nominal-internal person agreement
Denis.Creissels at UNIV-LYON2.FR
Sat Sep 29 06:12:48 UTC 2012
Here are some roughly glossed Tswana examples (from Google) with r-otlhe
all of us or l-otlhe all of you in various syntactic positions. I can
provide more precise glosses and/or additional explanations if needed.
Letsatsi la-gompieno ke le legolo mo go-rona r-otlhe
day of-today it_is one big in LOC-we 1PL-all
Today us an important day for all of us
He protects all of us
Re-a-itse r-otlhe gore...
1PL-DJ-know 1PL-all that... (DJ = disjoint)
We all know that ...
Ke ya-rona r-otlhe
it_is of-us 1PL-all
It belongs to all of us
Modimo o-nne le-lona l-otlhe
God CL3-be.SUBJ with-you 2PL-all
Let God be with all of you
De : Discussion List for ALT [mailto:LINGTYP at LISTSERV.LINGUISTLIST.ORG] De
la part de Pattie Epps
Envoyé : samedi 29 septembre 2012 06:10
À : LINGTYP at LISTSERV.LINGUISTLIST.ORG
Objet : nominal-internal person agreement
This query is on behalf of Steve Wechsler:
It has been noted that (at least some) Bantu languages have person
agreement inside certain Quantified Noun Phrases:
Thina s-onke si-fik-ile (Zulu; Doke 1963:94, cited in
we 1pl-all 1pl-arrive-perf
'We have all arrived.'
The quantifier onke 'all' agrees with thina 'we' in person (and
number). This is said to be typologically rare since adnominals such
as quantifiers do not normally agree in person. I would be interested
in any examples of such apparently nominal-internal person agreement
in Bantu or other languages. In particular, I wonder if phrases like
[we 1pl-all] can occur in all nominal positions in the sentence (such
as object position), or rather tend to be sentence-initial.
wechsler at mail.utexas.edu
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