[Lingtyp] Americanist contributions to typology

Andrew Garrett garrett at berkeley.edu
Mon Jul 4 08:57:48 EDT 2016


The classic American structuralist literature on the phoneme (Sapir,
Swadesh, Voegelin) is based largely on data from American languages; Boas
was the clear precursor in his "Introduction", and Boas's assertion that
all languages are holophrastic with respect to others is likewise based on
American data.

Andrew

On Sun, Jul 3, 2016 at 10:51 PM, Martin Haspelmath <haspelmath at shh.mpg.de>
wrote:

> I would add "applicative" (apparently first used by Antonio del Rincón in
> 1595 with reference to Nahuatl), and "inclusive/exclusive" (apparently
> first used by Domingo de Santo Tomás in 1560 with reference to Quechua).
>
> But I would say that "polysynthesis" and "incorporation" (as noted by
> Bernard Comrie) have been the most important influences of the study of
> languages of the Americas (the terms go back to Du Ponceau and Wilhelm von
> Humboldt, early 19th century). Unfortunately, however, both these terms
> have no clear definition in typology, because they rely on the notion of
> "word" (see my discussion of "incorporation" here:
> https://dlc.hypotheses.org/135). So they may not be as lasting as some of
> the others.
>
> Martin
>
>
> On 03.07.16 23:13, Eva Schultze-Berndt wrote:
>
> Dear David and all,
>
> My additions would be evidentiality, and lexicalization patterns.
>
> Best,
>
> Eva
>
>
>
>
> -------------------------------------------------------
> Eva Schultze-Berndt
> Professor of Linguistics
> Linguistics and English Language
> School of Arts, Languages and Cultures
> The University of Manchester
> Oxford Road
> M13 9PL
> Manchester, UK
> E-mail: eva.schultze-berndt at manchester.ac.uk
> Office NG11, Samuel Alexander Building
> ------------------------------
> *From:* Lingtyp [lingtyp-bounces at listserv.linguistlist.org] on behalf of
> Bernard Comrie [comrie at linguistics.ucsb.edu]
> *Sent:* 03 July 2016 17:05
> *To:* lingtyp at listserv.linguistlist.org
> *Subject:* Re: [Lingtyp] Americanist contributions to typology
>
> To:      David Beck
>
> Cc:       LingTyp
>
> From:  Bernard Comrie
>
> Date:   2016 Jul 03
>
> Subj:    [Lingtyp] Americanist contributions to typology
>
>
>
> Dear David:
>
>
>
> Herewith some thoughts from my own subjective perspective. I haven't
> avoided some overlap with things that others have submitted. I'll send a PS
> if/when more occur to me.
>
>
>
> Best,
>
> Bernard
>
>
>
> -----
>
>
>
> Alignment typology:
>
> -hierarchical alignment, including in relation to inversion
>
> -split/fluid S (and more generally semantic alignment)
>
>
>
> Reference tracking:
>
> switch-reference
>
> obviation
>
>
>
> Polysynthesis:
>
> word-sentences, but especially with many morphemes per word
>
> incorporation
>
>
>
> Internally headed relative clauses
>
>
>
> Numeral system bases
>
> 3 in Coahuiltecan
>
> 8 in Pame
>
> On 16/7/2 07:20, David Beck wrote:
>
> Hi, everyone
>
> At the International Journal of American Linguistics, we’re planning a 100th anniversary issue and part of it will have a survey of developments in linguistics and typology influenced by studies of American (in the Arctic-to-Tierra-del-Fueego sense) languages. So, I thought I would do a bit of a straw poll and ask the typological community what areas they thought had been most influenced by data from American languages (rather than relying on my own narrow point of view). Thoughts?
>
> cheers,
>
> David
> _______________________________________________
> Lingtyp mailing listLingtyp at listserv.linguistlist.orghttp://listserv.linguistlist.org/mailman/listinfo/lingtyp
>
>
> --
>
> new address -- nouvelle adresse -- neue Adresse -- новый адрес -- nueva dirección
>
> Bernard Comrie
> Distinguished Professor of Linguistics, University of California Santa Barbara
>
> E-mail: comrie at linguistics.ucsb.edu
> Web site: http://www.linguistics.ucsb.edu/people/bernard-comrie
>
> Department of Linguistics
> University of California Santa Barbara
> Santa Barbara, CA 93106-3100
> USA
>
> fax +1 805 893 7769
>
>
>
> _______________________________________________
> Lingtyp mailing listLingtyp at listserv.linguistlist.orghttp://listserv.linguistlist.org/mailman/listinfo/lingtyp
>
>
> --
> Martin Haspelmath (haspelmath at shh.mpg.de)
> Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History
> Kahlaische Strasse 10	
> D-07745 Jena
> &
> Leipzig University
> IPF 141199
> Nikolaistrasse 6-10
> D-04109 Leipzig
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
> _______________________________________________
> Lingtyp mailing list
> Lingtyp at listserv.linguistlist.org
> http://listserv.linguistlist.org/mailman/listinfo/lingtyp
>
>
-------------- next part --------------
An HTML attachment was scrubbed...
URL: <http://listserv.linguistlist.org/pipermail/lingtyp/attachments/20160704/a0d335cc/attachment.html>


More information about the Lingtyp mailing list