[Lingtyp] Call for abstracts: SLE2019 workshop proposal "Tense, aspect and mood categories across languages"
krajinoa at hu-berlin.de
Wed Sep 26 15:32:36 EDT 2018
*Call for abstracts: Tense, aspect and mood categories across languages*
Convenors: Kilu von Prince, Ana Krajinović, Jozina Vander Klok
*Abstract submission guidelines*
We are inviting contributions of short abstracts for the workshop
/Tense, aspect and mood categories across languages/to be proposed to
the 52^nd Annual Meeting ofSocietas Linguistica Europaea (SLE) 2019 to
be held at Leipzig University in Germany from August 21-24, 2019.
Interested participants should write a provisional abstract (max. 300
words) with their name and affiliation and send to
tamcalsle2019 at gmail.com <mailto:tamcalsle2019 at gmail.com>by November 9th,
2018. We will then submit a provisional list of workshop participants
along with your abstracts by Nov. 20th to SLE for consideration, and let
you know about the outcome. More information about the conference can be
found here: <http://sle2019.eu/call-for-papers>.
Please share and spread the word to others who might be interested!
There is a proliferation of terms in the study of tense, aspect and
modality (TAM). But it is not always clear what the relation between
those terms is.
In some cases, several terms appear to refer to phenomena that are
functionally very similar. This might be the case with continuous and
progressive aspect, or irrealis, potential and hypothetical mood. In
other cases, one category might be a special case of another category,
for example habitual sentences are sometimes described as a special case
of generic statements (Krifka et al. 1995) or, more generally, of
imperfective aspect (Comrie 1976). We would like to bring together
perspectives from language documentation and language-specific
description, typology, formal and functional approaches to semantics and
pragmatics, as well as syntax and morphology to discuss relations
between TAM terms cross-linguistically.
We also welcome contributions that specifically address discrepancies
between linguistic subdisciplines, or to state it from another
perspective, how different linguistic frameworks might constrain or
create more freedom in their approach to accounting for TAM semantic
properties.For instance, typologists often come to different conclusions
from formal semanticists when it comes to the classification of TAM
categories. Typologists tend to assume that cross-linguistic differences
in the distribution of particular TAM expressions are based on their
lexical semantic definition. By contrast, in formal semantics some of
these differences can be derived from various language-internal
structures and processes, such as paradigmatic effects.
Examples for this include:
* English simple past has a discontinuous implicature in connection with
stative verbs as in "Rose is in the hospital. She had trouble breathing"
-- such an utterance implicates that Rose is now better able to breathe.
Altshuler & Schwarzschild (2012) argue that this implicature is a result
of the contrast of English simple past and simple present.
In some languages, such discontinuous interpretations are however not
restricted to stative verbs. This has led Plungian & van der Auwera
(2006) to diagnose a specific typological category of "discontinuous
past". By contrast, Cable (2016) and von Prince (2017) have argued that
in those languages, too, the discontinuous interpretation is a result of
the paradigm in which the past markers find themselves, rather than a
function of their lexical meaning.
* The category of "iamitive aspect" has been introduced by Olsson (2013)
and Dahl & Wälchli (2016) as similar to, but separate from, both perfect
aspect and "already". One of its defining features is the
change-of-state interpretation that iamitives show in connection with
stative verbs, unlike Indo-European perfects. But more recent research
argues that these interpretations may equally be expressed by perfect
aspect (Krajinović 2018 for Nafsan) because of language-specific
processes (also compare the analysis of "already" by Vander Klok &
Matthewson (2015) for Javanese). This poses a general question of
whether the different functions of perfect attested cross-linguistically
can be explained by language-specific effects, and how different would
these functions need to be to justify establishing a new typological gram.
* Languages that do not have obligatory tense marking are commonly
categorized as tenseless. But Matthewson (2006) has argued
thatSt’a´t’imcets has a zero tense morpheme, which restricts the
temporal reference of a clause to non-future tense. By contrast, Mucha
(2012) argues for Hausa that it is genuinely tenseless and that temporal
reference is determined by pragmatic defaults.
* This divide between sub-disciplines is also reflected in how modal
meanings are categorized. Thus, the distinction between
participant-internal and participant-external modalities, which is
fundamental to typological studies of modality (e.g. Bybee et al. 1994,
van der Auwera & Plungian 1998), is not reflected in the formal
semantics discourse on modality (e.g. Portner 2009).
Independent fromparticular theoretical perspectives, there are manycases
in which the relation between categories it not entirely clear, for
example: How does iterativity relate to pluractionality? What is the
relation between sequentiality, prospective aspect and perfect aspect,
frequentatives and habituals, progressive and continuous aspect? What is
the relation between "timitive", "avertive", "apprehensive" modality,
also called "volitive of fear" (Vuillermet 2018)?
How many modal distinctions such as "deontic" and "circumstantial" do
languages mark grammatically?
We invite contributions from a variety of backgrounds and perspectives,
including language documentation and description, typology, semantics
and pragmatics, syntax, and morphology. We particularly welcome
submissions on understudied or underdocumented languages.Possible topics
for submission include:
* Descriptive case studies of a specific TAM marker or paradigm;
* Typological studies of the distribution of certain categories;
* Formal and functional approaches to specific TAM categories;
* Formal and functional approaches to the grammaticalization/diachrony
of specific TAM categories;
* Interdisciplinary studies that compare different approaches.
Altshuler, Danieland Roger Schwarzschild. 2012. Moment of change,
cessation implicatures and simultaneous readings. In Emmanuel Chemla,
Vincent Homer, and Gr ́egoire Winterstein, editors, /Proceedings of Sinn
und Bedeutung/ 17, Paris.
Bybee, Joan L., Revere D. Perkins & William Pagliuca. 1994. /The
Evolution of Grammar: Tense, aspect, and modality in the languages of
the world./ Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Dahl, Östen & Bernhard Wälchli. 2016. Perfects and iamitives: two gram
types in one grammatical space/. Letras de Hoje/ 51(3). 325–348.
van der Auwera Johan and Vladimir A. Plungian. 1998. Modality’s semantic
map. /Linguistic typology/, 2(1):79–124.
Cable, Seth. 2016. The implicatures of optional past tense in Tlingit
and the implications for ’discontinuous past’. /Natural Language &
Comrie, Bernard. 1976. /Aspect/. Cambridge Textbooks in Linguistics.
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Krajinović, Ana. The semantics of perfect in Nafsan. Paper presented at
The Semantics of African, Asian, and Austronesian Languages (Triple A)
5, 27–29 June 2018, Konstanz, 2018. https:
Krifka, Manfred, Francis J Pelletier, Gregory N Carlson, Gennaro
Chierchia, Godehard Link, and Alice Ter Meulen. 1995. Introduction to
genericity. In Gregory N Carlson and Francis J Pelletier, editors, /The
Generic Book/, pages 1–124. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Matthewson, Lisa. 2006. Temporal semantics in a supposedly tenseless
language/. Linguistics and Philosophy/, 29:673–713.
Mucha, Anne. 2012. Temporal reference in a genuinely tenseless language:
the case of Hausa. /Proceedings of SALT/, 22:188–207.
Olsson, Bruno. 2013. Iamitives: /Perfects in Southeast Asia and beyond./
Stockholm University. MA thesis.
Plungian, Vladimir A.and Johan van der Auwera. 2006. Towards a typology
of discontinuous past marking. /Sprachtypologische
Portner, Paul. 2009. /Modality/. Oxford University Press.
Vander Klok, Jozina and Lisa Matthewson. Distinguishing already from
perfect aspect: A case study of javanese /wis/. /Oceanic Linguistics/
von Prince, Kilu. Paradigm-induced implicatures in TAM-expression: A
view from the Daakaka distal. In /Proceedings of Sinn und Bedeutung/ 21,
Vuillermet, Marine. 2018. Grammatical fear morphemes in Ese Ejja: Making
the case for a morphosemantic apprehensional domain. /Studies in
Language/ 42(1), 2018.
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