[Lingtyp] Query re anaphoric object pronouns
gil at shh.mpg.de
Mon Dec 16 15:38:52 EST 2019
Just a footnote on Eitan's comment on Hebrew:
> As for Hebrew, I think that David is mostly right, with Alex's proviso
> about animacy. So null expression of animate objects seems mostly
> awkward, but fine with a lot of inanimate objects. In the (b) sentence
> below, null expression varies with overt expression.
> (a) kaniti lɛxɛm
> I.bought bread
> 'I bought bread'
> (b) sim (oto) al-ha-ʃulχan
> put.IMP (it) on-DEF-table
> 'Put (it) on the table.'
> But even with animates there can be null expression. Edit Doron wrote
> about this some time ago, giving examples like the equivalent of "Did
> you send the kids to school? I sent."
I agree with Eitan on (a) and (b) above. However, the latter ("I sent")
example seems to instantiate a somewhat different construction, specific
to responses to polar questions. English, in the same context, also has
"(Yes) I did", but you wouldn't want to characterize this as an instance
of the kind of zero object that Martin is after. My feeling is that the
same is true for Hebrew, except that Hebrew doesn't have an auxiliary
with "do", and hence you repeat the entire verb.
Department of Linguistic and Cultural Evolution
Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History
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Email: gil at shh.mpg.de
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