[Lingtyp] Query on sentential names/Satznamen

Eitan Grossman eitan.grossman at mail.huji.ac.il
Thu Jun 20 13:56:32 EDT 2019

Hi Iker,

This is really common in Ancient Egyptian, and as David noted, in Hebrew
(and other Semitic languages). I'm not sure about the rest of Afroasiatic.
There are a lot of examples for Egyptian in this article:

Interestingly, there are even multi-clausal names, such as
"Ptah-said-he-will-live" and cleft sentences like "It is X who has given


בתאריך יום ה׳, 20 ביוני 2019, 12:52, מאת Iker Salaberri ‏<
ikersalaberri at gmail.com>:

> Dear colleagues, dear fellow typologists,
> I'm currently looking for cross-linguistic data on a specific kind of
> name: sentential names (SNs), a.k.a. clausal names, phrasal names and (in
> their widespread German use) *Satznamen*. van Langendonck (2007: 277-278)
> defines SNs as names consisting (minimally) of a verbal stem and a noun
> phrase (NP) or an adverb, where the NP is either the direct object or the
> subject of the verb stem. Here are some examples of SNs I have found so far:
> (1) Shona (East Bantu): *Chaitamwarihachirambwi *'What God has done
> cannot be rejected', from *mwari *'God' and the verb root -*it *'to do'
> (Mapara 2013: 103)
> (2) Basque (Language isolate): *Euridakargaina *'The summit which brings
> rain', from *euri *'rain' and the verb root -*kar *'to bring' (Salaberri
> 2008: 733)
> (3) Warrongo (Pama-Nyungan): *Galonggo balban banggarra* '(The place
> where) mice rolled blue tongue lizard', from *galo *'mouse' and *balba *'to
> roll' (Tsunoda 2011: 22)
> (4) Northwest Sahaptin (Sahaptian): *Xátkapsha *'Leans unexpectedly',
> from *tkap* 'to lean' and *xa*- 'unexpectedly' (Hunn 1996: 14)
> (5) Mandarin (Sino-Tibetan): *Chuán-wén* '(The one who) transmits
> culture', from *chuán *'to transmit' and *wén *'culture' (Wiedenhof 2015:
> 92) (sorry if the tone markers are inaccurate)
> (6) Eastern Apurímac Quechua (Quechuan): *Waqcha kuyaq* '(The one who)
> esteems the poor', from *waqcha *'poor' and *kuya*- 'to esteem' (Fonseca
> 2012: 98)
> (7) German (Indo-European): *Hassdenpflug *'Hate the plow', from *hassen *'to
> hate' and *Pflug *'plow/plough' (Heintze 1908: 160)
> I'm writing to ask for your help in tracking down more instances of this
> kind of name: I have found so far that SNs are common in (subsaharan)
> Africa, North America and Europe, in decreasing order, and far less common
> in Asia, Oceania and South America. That is why I would be extremely
> grateful for any information on SNs in languages from Asia, Oceania and
> South America. I would be very grateful for any pointers to grammars,
> language descriptions or other mentions of SNs in the literature.
> References:
> Fonseca, Gustavo S. 2012.* Introducción a un tesoro de nombres quechuas
> en Apurímac*. Lima: Terra Nuova.
> Heintze, Albert. 1908. *Die deutschen Familiennamen: Geschichtlich,
> geographisch, sprachlich* (3rd edition). Halle an der Saale: Verlag der
> Buchhandlung des Waisenhauses.
> Hunn, Eugene. 1996. Columbia Plateau Indian place names: What can they
> teach us? *Journal of Linguistic Anthropology* 6(1). 3-26.
> Mapara, Jacob. 2013.* Shona sentential names: A brief overview*. Bamenda:
> Langaa Research & Publishing.
> van Langendonck, Willy. 2007. *Theory and typology of proper names*.
> Berlin/New York: Mouton de Gruyter.
> Salaberri, Patxi. 2008. Satznamen direlakoen inguruan: Erlatibozko
> perpausetan jatorri duten toponimoak aztergai [On so-called Satznamen:
> Investigating toponyms which originate in relative clauses]. In Xabier
> Artiagoitia & Joseba A. Lakarra (eds.), *Gramatika jaietan: Patxi
> Goenagaren omenez*, 725-741. Bilbao/Bilbo: University of the Basque
> Country.
> Tsunoda, Tasaku. 2011. *A grammar of Warrongo*. Berlin/Boston: Mouton de
> Gruyter.
> Wiedenhof, Jeroen. 2015. *A grammar of Mandarin*. Amsterdam/Philadelphia:
> John Benjamins.
> Best,
> Iker Salaberri
> Public University of Navarre
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