[Lingtyp] Query on sentential names/Satznamen

Alex Francois francois at vjf.cnrs.fr
Thu Jun 20 14:40:02 EDT 2019


kaixo Iker,

Sentential names of the sort you mention are found in some Oceanic
languages of Vanuatu.
Here are some examples from the language Mwotlap  [See my Phd thesis
<http://alex.francois.online.fr/AFpub_books_e.htm#01>, pp.241-242]:

   - *Wotlamay* < *wot* 'born' + *l- *'in' + *may* 'famine'
   = "born during a food shortage"


   - *Wotlōlan* < *wot* 'born' + *lō *'out' + *lan* 'chief'
   = "born out of a chiefly line"


   - *Wotlelen̄* < *wot* 'born' + *l- *'in' + *len̄* 'wind'
   = 'born in the wind' = "born during a cyclone"


   - *Wosagdērēgan* <  *wo-* 'Masc'  + *sag* 'sit'  + *dērē *'await' +
   *ga-n* 'his food'
   = "(he) sits waiting for his food"


   - *Lam̄sēm* < *lam̄* 'knock' + *sēm *'cowry shells'
   = "(she) coins shell money"


   - *Hagdēyēok* < *hag* 'sit' + *dēyē *'await' + *ok* 'ship'
   = "(she) waits for ships"


   - *Ten̄hiylam* <  *ten̄* 'cry'  + *hiy *'towards' + *lam* 'ocean'
   = "(she) weeps staring at the ocean"

best,
Alex
------------------------------

Alex François

LaTTiCe <http://www.lattice.cnrs.fr/en/alexandre-francois/> — CNRS–
<http://www.cnrs.fr/index.html>ENS
<https://www.ens.fr/laboratoire/lattice-langues-textes-traitements-informatiques-et-cognition-umr-8094>
–Sorbonne nouvelle
<http://www.univ-paris3.fr/lattice-langues-textes-traitements-informatiques-cognition-umr-8094-3458.kjsp>
Australian National University
<https://researchers.anu.edu.au/researchers/francois-a>
Academia page <https://cnrs.academia.edu/AlexFran%C3%A7ois> – Personal
homepage <http://alex.francois.online.fr/>
------------------------------
On Thu, 20 Jun 2019 at 19:56, Eitan Grossman <eitan.grossman at mail.huji.ac.il>
wrote:

> Hi Iker,
>
> This is really common in Ancient Egyptian, and as David noted, in Hebrew
> (and other Semitic languages). I'm not sure about the rest of Afroasiatic.
> There are a lot of examples for Egyptian in this article:
> https://escholarship.org/content/qt42v9x6xp/qt42v9x6xp.pdf
>
> Interestingly, there are even multi-clausal names, such as
> "Ptah-said-he-will-live" and cleft sentences like "It is X who has given
> her."
>
> Eitan
>
> בתאריך יום ה׳, 20 ביוני 2019, 12:52, מאת Iker Salaberri ‏<
> ikersalaberri at gmail.com>:
>
>> Dear colleagues, dear fellow typologists,
>>
>> I'm currently looking for cross-linguistic data on a specific kind of
>> name: sentential names (SNs), a.k.a. clausal names, phrasal names and (in
>> their widespread German use) *Satznamen*. van Langendonck (2007:
>> 277-278) defines SNs as names consisting (minimally) of a verbal stem and a
>> noun phrase (NP) or an adverb, where the NP is either the direct object or
>> the subject of the verb stem. Here are some examples of SNs I have found so
>> far:
>>
>> (1) Shona (East Bantu): *Chaitamwarihachirambwi *'What God has done
>> cannot be rejected', from *mwari *'God' and the verb root -*it *'to do'
>> (Mapara 2013: 103)
>>
>> (2) Basque (Language isolate): *Euridakargaina *'The summit which brings
>> rain', from *euri *'rain' and the verb root -*kar *'to bring' (Salaberri
>> 2008: 733)
>>
>> (3) Warrongo (Pama-Nyungan): *Galonggo balban banggarra* '(The place
>> where) mice rolled blue tongue lizard', from *galo *'mouse' and *balba *'to
>> roll' (Tsunoda 2011: 22)
>>
>> (4) Northwest Sahaptin (Sahaptian): *Xátkapsha *'Leans unexpectedly',
>> from *tkap* 'to lean' and *xa*- 'unexpectedly' (Hunn 1996: 14)
>>
>> (5) Mandarin (Sino-Tibetan): *Chuán-wén* '(The one who) transmits
>> culture', from *chuán *'to transmit' and *wén *'culture' (Wiedenhof
>> 2015: 92) (sorry if the tone markers are inaccurate)
>>
>> (6) Eastern Apurímac Quechua (Quechuan): *Waqcha kuyaq* '(The one who)
>> esteems the poor', from *waqcha *'poor' and *kuya*- 'to esteem' (Fonseca
>> 2012: 98)
>>
>> (7) German (Indo-European): *Hassdenpflug *'Hate the plow', from *hassen
>> *'to hate' and *Pflug *'plow/plough' (Heintze 1908: 160)
>>
>> I'm writing to ask for your help in tracking down more instances of this
>> kind of name: I have found so far that SNs are common in (subsaharan)
>> Africa, North America and Europe, in decreasing order, and far less common
>> in Asia, Oceania and South America. That is why I would be extremely
>> grateful for any information on SNs in languages from Asia, Oceania and
>> South America. I would be very grateful for any pointers to grammars,
>> language descriptions or other mentions of SNs in the literature.
>>
>> References:
>> Fonseca, Gustavo S. 2012.* Introducción a un tesoro de nombres quechuas
>> en Apurímac*. Lima: Terra Nuova.
>> Heintze, Albert. 1908. *Die deutschen Familiennamen: Geschichtlich,
>> geographisch, sprachlich* (3rd edition). Halle an der Saale: Verlag der
>> Buchhandlung des Waisenhauses.
>> Hunn, Eugene. 1996. Columbia Plateau Indian place names: What can they
>> teach us? *Journal of Linguistic Anthropology* 6(1). 3-26.
>> Mapara, Jacob. 2013.* Shona sentential names: A brief overview*.
>> Bamenda: Langaa Research & Publishing.
>> van Langendonck, Willy. 2007. *Theory and typology of proper names*.
>> Berlin/New York: Mouton de Gruyter.
>> Salaberri, Patxi. 2008. Satznamen direlakoen inguruan: Erlatibozko
>> perpausetan jatorri duten toponimoak aztergai [On so-called Satznamen:
>> Investigating toponyms which originate in relative clauses]. In Xabier
>> Artiagoitia & Joseba A. Lakarra (eds.), *Gramatika jaietan: Patxi
>> Goenagaren omenez*, 725-741. Bilbao/Bilbo: University of the Basque
>> Country.
>> Tsunoda, Tasaku. 2011. *A grammar of Warrongo*. Berlin/Boston: Mouton de
>> Gruyter.
>> Wiedenhof, Jeroen. 2015. *A grammar of Mandarin*.
>> Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.
>>
>> Best,
>>
>> Iker Salaberri
>> Public University of Navarre
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