24.1979, Diss: Syntax: Shim: 'Deriving Word Order in Code-Switching...'

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LINGUIST List: Vol-24-1979. Wed May 08 2013. ISSN: 1069 - 4875.

Subject: 24.1979, Diss: Syntax: Shim: 'Deriving Word Order in Code-Switching...'

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Date: Wed, 08 May 2013 13:40:07
From: Ji Young Shim [jiyoung.shim at gmail.com]
Subject: Deriving Word Order in Code-Switching: Feature inheritance and word order

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Institution: CUNY Graduate Center 
Program: Linguistics 
Dissertation Status: Completed 
Degree Date: 2013 

Author: Ji Young Shim

Dissertation Title: Deriving Word Order in Code-Switching: Feature inheritance
and word order 

Linguistic Field(s): Syntax


Dissertation Director(s):
Marcel den Dikken
Peter Sells
William McClure
Dianne Bradley

Dissertation Abstract:

This dissertation investigates code-switching (CS), the concurrent use of more 
than one language in conversation, commonly observed in bilingual speech. 
Assuming that code-switching is subject to universal principles, just like 
monolingual grammar, the dissertation provides a principled account of code-
switching, with particular emphasis on OV~VO variation in two typologically 
similar language pairs, Korean-English and Japanese-English bilingual speech.
Taking the view into consideration that linguistic variation is a result of variation in 
the domain of functional categories rather than lexical roots (e.g., Borer 1984; 
Chomsky 1995), the role of light verbs in word order in code-switching is further 
investigated and tested against Korean-English and Japanese-English bilingual 
speakersā€˜ introspective judgments of the code-switching patterns presented to 
them in the form of a questionnaire.

The results provide strong evidence indicating that the distinction between lexical 
and functional or light verbs play a major role in deriving different word order, OV 
and VO in Korean-English and Japanese-English code-switching, respectively, 
supporting the hypothesis that parametric variation is attributed to differences in 
the features of a functional category in the lexicon. In particular, the explanation 
pursued in this dissertation is based on feature inheritance, proposed in recent 
developments the Minimalist Program. To account for OV~VO variation in 
Korean-English and Japanese-English code-switching, feature inheritance, 
primarily proposed for the C-T domain by Chomsky (2000, 2001, 2008), is 
extended to the v-ASP domain, thereby developing it into a full-fledged 
mechanism for the two phases, C and v, of the clause. Two principles of feature 
inheritance (feature selection and feature expiration) and three operational rules 
(earliness, economy, and multiple agree under antisymmetry) are proposed to 
show that feature inheritance is designed to make a derivation proceed 
economically and efficiently in the syntax.

Based on this, the dissertation presents how head-initial structure in English (C-
S-V-O) and head-final structure (S-O-V-C) in Korean and Japanese are derived, 
and argues that the OV-VO variation in Korean-English and Japanese-English 
code-switching is due to a result of object shift: if object shift occurs, OV is 
derived. On the other hand, if object shift fails, the underlying VO structure will 
surface.






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