27.3824, Calls: Gen Ling, Genetic Class, Historical Ling, Morphology, Typology/Switzerland

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LINGUIST List: Vol-27-3824. Tue Sep 27 2016. ISSN: 1069 - 4875.

Subject: 27.3824, Calls: Gen Ling, Genetic Class, Historical Ling, Morphology, Typology/Switzerland

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Date: Tue, 27 Sep 2016 15:15:39
From: Francesco Gardani [francesco.gardani at uzh.ch]
Subject: Matter Borrowing vs Pattern Borrowing in Morphology

Full Title: Matter Borrowing vs Pattern Borrowing in Morphology 

Date: 10-Sep-2017 - 13-Sep-2017
Location: Zurich, Switzerland 
Contact Person: Francesco Gardani
Meeting Email: francesco.gardani at uzh.ch

Linguistic Field(s): General Linguistics; Genetic Classification; Historical Linguistics; Morphology; Typology 

Call Deadline: 25-Oct-2016 

Meeting Description:

When languages are in contact, the morphology of one language can influence
the morphology of another. There are two fundamentally distinct ways in which
this can occur. Speakers of a recipient language can borrow from a source
language either morphological material, that is, actual morphemes, or
morphological techniques, that is, structural patterns but no forms. These
fundamental types, exemplified in (1) vs. (2), are frequently referred to as
‘matter borrowing’ as opposed to ‘pattern borrowing’ (Sakel 2007; Matras &
Sakel 2007).

(1) matter-borrowing
a. yengeç vari

b. pishrow-var

(2) pattern-borrowing
a. aztertu 'examine'
    berr-aztertu 're-examine'

b. examinar 'examine'
    re-examinar 're-examine'

In Turkish, the adjectivizer  vari, borrowed from Persian (1b), can occur on
Turkish native bases, such as yengeç ‘crab’ (1a) (Gardani forthc.). In Basque
(2a), the native morpheme bir  (or its allomorph berr ), meaning ‘repetition’
or ‘emphasis’, replicates a Romance pattern to form deverbal verbs through the
prefix re  (2b) (Jendraschek 2006: 158–159).

These two phenomena, however, are not necessarily mutually exclusive. A third
type of contact-induced morphological change is attested, in which matter
borrowing and pattern borrowing are combined (Gardani forthc.). Modern Persian
is a case in point. Here, some nouns with native Indo-European etyma, realize
their plural forms just as Arabic, the long-standing contact language, does.
For example, farmān ‘order’ (3a) yields a plural farāmīn, not only replicating
a Semitic non-concatenative morphological technique, CVCV:CV:C, but also
resorting to the same set of vowels, CaCa:Ci:C, which occurs, e.g., in Arabic
ṣanādīq ‘boxes’ (3b) (data from Jensen 1931: 45; see also Mumm 2007: 41). 

(3) Modern Persian
a. farmān ‘order’ b. ṣandūq ‘box’
 farāmīn ‘orders’         ṣanādīq ‘boxes’

As is generally acknowledged, morphology is relatively resistant to borrowing
(Gardani et al. 2015a). This fact makes the study of morphological borrowing a
valuable heuristic tool in investigations of the genealogical relatedness of
languages or language groups (good examples are Law 2013, 2014; Robbeets
2015). While the topic of morphological matter borrowing has recently received
slightly more attention in contact linguistics (Gardani 2008, 2012; Gardani et
al. 2015b; Seifart 2013, 2015), the phenomenon of morphological pattern
borrowing and in particular, its cross-linguistic diffusion and areal
dimensions, are still largely understudied. The workshop matter borrowing vs
pattern borrowing in morphology endeavors to fill this gap and aims to provide
a cross-linguistic survey of matter borrowing and pattern borrowing, in order
to seize their global extension and incidence in the evolution of morphology.
We are especially interested in the following questions (but potential
contributors should not feel restricted by them):

1. Which areas of morphology are more frequently affected by which type of
2. What are the conditions that promote or inhibit the spread of which type of
morphological borrowing?
3. Are the processes that underlie pattern borrowing the same that underlie
contact-induced grammaticalization (Heine & Kuteva 2003)?
4. To what extent are abstract paradigmatic structures, such as morphomes
(Maiden 2005), borrowed?
5. How can the study of pattern borrowing relate to phylogenetic patterns and
contribute to the study of areal patterns in morphology?

Call for Papers: 

The workshop is planned to be held at the 50th Annual Meeting of the Societas
Linguistica Europaea (SLE) (Zurich, 10–13 September 2017). We invite 20
minutes presentation (+ 8 minutes for discussion). Preliminary abstracts (300
words, excluding references, DOCX and/or PDF) should be sent to Francesco
Gardani (francesco.gardani at uzh.ch) by 25 October 2016. They will be selected
and serve to prepare a workshop proposal to be submitted to the SLE.

Important Dates: 

25 October 2016: Deadline for submission of 300-word abstracts to the workshop
10 November 2016: Notification of acceptance by the workshop organizer
25 November 2016: Submission of the workshop proposals to SLE 
25 December 2016: Notification of acceptance of workshop proposals from SLE
15 January 2017: Deadline for submission of abstracts to SLE for review
31 March 2017: Notification of paper acceptance
10–13 September 2017: SLE conference


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