Koontz John E John.Koontz at colorado.edu
Tue Nov 30 17:41:29 UTC 2004

On Tue, 30 Nov 2004 Rgraczyk at aol.com wrote:
> c^ilaxc^i' 'hawk' (my data)
> c^ilaxta' 'hawk' (Dictionary of Everyday Crow)
> issaxc^i' 'sparrow hawk, falcon'
> It seems to me that c^il- could easily be derived from kye-, but I don't know
> about the rest of it.  Maybe the xc^ cluster was simplified in the rest of
> Siouan.

I think Crow c^i is usually from *ki, right?  So then this suggests
something like *kira-, which would make sense for the first syllable.

My initial instinct with xc^i/xta is that it looks a lot like the xti/xta
'true, very' enclitic in MVS, etc.  I'm don't recall if that occurs in
Crow-Hidatsa.  But I would expect something like -ta or -tu - can't
remember how *t comes out before *u! - for *-taN or *-tuN.  And then maybe
-a for *-he?  So, for *kyetVNh-e something like *c^ilata(a) or *c^ilatua?
I don't see how to work the xt/xc^, even with simplification elsewhere.
Too bad it's not ht/hc^!  Then some kind of metathesis might be

Note, however, that the notes to the CSD entry talk about the hawk stem
maybe involving several roots compounded together.

Would issa- be from *ikta- or *ihta-?   I think the *kira- probably fits
better, but obviously this isn't impossible either.

How about 'think'?  I should look at the CSD draft to see if Crow-Hidatsa
has any *py set forms.

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