Dakotan gw/gm

BARudes at aol.com BARudes at aol.com
Sun Aug 27 22:07:41 UTC 2006

Just to matters a bit more complicated, the Catawba word for 'gourd' is 
w'a:de:. If the Catawba word is related to the (Mississippi Valley) Siouan words - 
perhaps through a root *wa(:)t(w)-, it suggests that the earlier form was 
*watwuN rather than *wakwuN and that Ioway-Otoe and Winnibago are conservative 
while Dakotan and Dhegiha have velarized the initial member of the cluster 
(either in assimilation to the following *w or by contamination with the Algonquian 
word (?)). (There are plenty of cases of sporadic voicing of earlier /t/ to 
/d/ in Catawba.)

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