Dakotan gw/gm

Rankin, Robert L rankin at ku.edu
Mon Aug 28 04:30:52 UTC 2006

The problem is that we have very little understanding of Siouan/Catawban cluster phonology.  You're positing a pre-Catawban form on the basis of a borrowing that only occurs in 3 Siouan languages, and the vowels don't come close to matching.  Right now, I'd assume Catawba is simply unrelated.  But who knows?     B.


From: owner-siouan at lists.colorado.edu on behalf of BARudes at aol.com
Sent: Sun 8/27/2006 5:07 PM
To: siouan at lists.colorado.edu
Subject: Re: Dakotan gw/gm

Just to matters a bit more complicated, the Catawba word for 'gourd' is w'a:de:. If the Catawba word is related to the (Mississippi Valley) Siouan words - perhaps through a root *wa(:)t(w)-, it suggests that the earlier form was *watwuN rather than *wakwuN and that Ioway-Otoe and Winnibago are conservative while Dakotan and Dhegiha have velarized the initial member of the cluster (either in assimilation to the following *w or by contamination with the Algonquian word (?)). (There are plenty of cases of sporadic voicing of earlier /t/ to /d/ in Catawba.)


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