name this category
prasad_cwprs at YAHOO.CO.IN
Thu Nov 30 08:26:38 UTC 2006
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Panini derives the adverbs from pronouns (sarva, yat, tat, kim, idam, adas...) by adding different suffixes to them under the suutras P.5.3.1-26.
sarva (all) ---> sarvatra (everywhere)
yat (which/that) ---> yatra (where = "jahaa.N")
tat (that) ---> tatra (there="vahaa.N")
kim (what ?) ---> kutra (where ? = "kahaa.N")
adas (this) ---> atra (here="yahaa.N")
idam (this) ---> iha (here = "yahaa.N")
In oblique cases the "ya" in yah & "va" in "vah" get modified to "i" & "u" respectively which are technically called "samprasAraNa".
--- Narayan Prasad
Bob Eaton <pete_dembrowski at HOTMAIL.COM> wrote:
Thanks for the help with the "name this construction" question I had. Now I have a question about references related to word categories for this phenomena, which Indo-Aryan languages show us that we (or at least, I) "didn't know before".
Specificially, I-A languages show us that there something somehow related between these sets of words:
The former ones I would want to call Adverbs since they relate to location.
The latter ones I would want to call Pronouns since they relate to things standing for nouns.
Deixis works for PRX and DST, but in anyone's mind are INTR (interrogative) and/or REL (relative) related to Deixis? Or perhaps a supracategory like exophora?
But it would be nice if we had a single category that captured this similarity.
Has anyone done a good treatment of this?
Thanks in advance,
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