Antedating of "Heavy Metal"

Fred Shapiro fred.shapiro at YALE.EDU
Wed Dec 19 17:32:51 UTC 2001

The earliest citation in the OED relating to the musical sense of "heavy
metal" is from William Burroughs in 1964.  Here is an earlier Burroughs
usage I have found:

1962 William S. Burroughs _The Ticket That Exploded_ 39  The Other Half
was only one aspect of Operation Rewrite--Heavy Metal addicts picketed the
Rewrite Office, exploding in protest.

Fred Shapiro

Fred R. Shapiro                             Editor
Associate Librarian for Public Services     YALE DICTIONARY OF QUOTATIONS
  and Lecturer in Legal Research            Yale University Press,
Yale Law School                             forthcoming
e-mail: fred.shapiro at     

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