Antedating of "Native American"

Fred Shapiro fred.shapiro at YALE.EDU
Wed Dec 29 16:29:24 UTC 2004

In 2001 I published an article in American Speech (76: 109-12) entitled
"Computer-Assisted Evidence for the Antiquity of the Term 'Native
American.'"  In this article the earliest citation I could find for
_Native American_ was 1737.

I have now found the following two earlier citations, by searching
Eighteeenth Century Collections Online:

1721 Philip Rose _A theorico-practical, miscellaneous, and succinct
treatise of the plague. Shewing its nature, signs, causes, prevention and
cure_ 14  This _Radison_ went young to _Hudson's_ Bay, to one of the
_French_ Factories, where he abode two or three Years; his curious and
rambling Mind, moved him to go to the Native _Americans_, he lived with
them about twenty Years.

1721 Jacques Bernard _An appendix to the three English volumes in folio of
Morerys Great historical, geographical, genealogical and poetical
dictionary_ (not paginated)  CHACO ... This Country is inhabited by a
great Number of Native _Americans_; but the _Europeans_ are not yet
settled there.

Fred Shapiro

Fred R. Shapiro                             Editor
Associate Librarian for Collections and     YALE DICTIONARY OF QUOTATIONS
  Access and Lecturer in Legal Research     Yale University Press,
Yale Law School                             forthcoming
e-mail: fred.shapiro at     

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