[Ads-l] Paraffin

victor steinbok aardvark66 at GMAIL.COM
Thu Jun 15 18:56:52 UTC 2023

There is a similar reference in 1833 3rd edition of Andrew Fife's Elements
of Chemistry, p. 730. The 1830 2nd edition lacks this reference.


On Thu, Jun 15, 2023, 14:52 victor steinbok <aardvark66 at gmail.com> wrote:

> The article is reproduced in full in Volume 5, No.1 of the Journal of
> Philadelphia College of Pharmacy, April 1833, p. 61. (GB incorrectly
> identifies it as 1834).
> There's another distinct 1833 source: Repertory of patent, inventions and
> other discoveries. But the vector was clearly the Philosophical Magazine.
> VS-)
> On Thu, Jun 15, 2023, 14:44 victor steinbok <aardvark66 at gmail.com> wrote:
>> Interesting, that every source I checked lists 1835 as first use of
>> "paraffin", including OED and and MW. A quick scroll through Google Books
>> (something I haven't done in a long time because of evolving search
>> formats) points to a number of sources that are clearly misidentified - an
>> 1830 citation is actually 1957; one dated 1800 is actually 1899 (a common
>> GB scanning error).
>> But there can be no doubt to accuracy of the 1832 find: Philosophical
>> Magazine, Volume 1, No. 5 (November), p. 402.
>> On Paraffin and Eupion
>> Dr. Reichenbach has discovered two substances by the dry distillation of
>> organic bodies, to which he has given the above names. The first from
>> _parum affinis_, on account of its remarkable indifference or want of
>> affinity; and the second from [pion] or [pion], fat, and [eu]. These
>> substances appear to be both contained in the tar of animal and vegetable
>> substances. Beech-wood tar gives the most paraphin, and with the greatest
>> facility; while the oil of Dippel gives most eupion.
>> _italics_
>> [Greek]
>> The source should be easy to verify on paper. I'll keep looking but this
>> is not likely to be improved.
>> VS-)

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