Latin perfects and Fluent Etruscan in 30 days!

Patrick C. Ryan proto-language at
Wed Aug 11 20:25:16 UTC 1999

Dear Rick and IEists:

 ----- Original Message -----
From: Rick Mc Callister <rmccalli at sunmuw1.MUW.Edu>
Sent: Wednesday, August 04, 1999 9:27 AM

Rick asked:

> What is the AA root for jm-3?
> Or what are its cognates in other AA languages?

[ moderator snip ]

Rick, I do not have Orel and Stobova so I cannot say if the root is
mentioned there.

In Ehret's sadly unsatisfactory work, it is not mentioned.

The -3, I consider to be a factitive suffix, used rather frequently in
Egyptian, so the AA root would be that from which jm- derived.

The underlying root might be simply *?ama so that the underlying meaning
might be simply 'to treat as a mother would=to mother'. In another post on
this subject, a tentative relationship with Arabic ?-m-r was proposed. I
believe the likelier IE cognate of ?-m-r is *me:-ro (from *H{2}emer-), with
a basal meaning of 'put a value on, rank'.

However, it is interesting to note Sumerian ZUR, which also has the reading
amar, one of the meanings of which is 'take care of, care for'.


PATRICK C. RYAN (501) 227-9947; FAX/DATA (501)312-9947 9115 W. 34th St.
Little Rock, AR 72204-4441 USA WEBPAGES: and PROTO-RELIGION: "Veit
ek, at ek hekk, vindga meipi, nftr allar nmu, geiri undapr . . . a ~eim
meipi er mangi veit hvers hann af rstum renn." (Havamal 138)

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