New CRP report--Reviving the Goal of an Integrated Society: A 21st Century Challenge

Harold Schiffman hfsclpp at
Fri Jan 16 14:16:37 UTC 2009

Forwarded From: lmresearch at

 UC Linguistic Minority Research Institute

Reviving the Goal of an Integrated Society: A 21st Century Challenge

By Gary Orfield

For more than a decade, the Civil Rights Project has been issuing
regular reports on the nation's progress in realizing the goal of the
Brown decision and the historic 1964 Civil Rights ActÑthe aim that the
nation end separate but unequal education and create schools that are
integrated and successful for all children. Very large progress was
made during the civil rights era but it is slipping away year by year.
Since the Supreme Court reversed course in 1991 and authorized return
to segregated neighborhood schools, there has been an increase in
segregation every year, particularly for black and Latino students.
The report shows that 40% of Latinos and 39% of blacks now attend
intensely segregated schools. The average black and Latino student is
now in a school that has nearly 60% of students from families who are
near or below the poverty line. These doubly segregated schools by
race and poverty have weaker teaching forces, much more student
instability, more students who come to school not speaking English and
many other characteristics related to family and neighborhood poverty
and isolation that make for challenging educational environments.
These are the schools where much of the nation's dropout crisis is
concentrated. More than 40 years after passage of the Fair Housing
Act, there continues to be almost no serious enforcement against
widespread housing discrimination, which impacts the segregation in
districts with neighborhood school policies, and is making it
difficult to maintain integration in suburbia.

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