[lg policy] bibitem: The American concept of EFL and visions invisible in the Middle East

Harold Schiffman hfsclpp at GMAIL.COM
Mon May 24 13:17:29 UTC 2010

The American concept of EFL and visions invisible in the Middle East
May 23rd, 2010 | Author:

Introduction: In this speech I module handle the phenomenon of the use
of native arts teachers in the Middle East, specially in the UAE
allied low the EFL in elementary schools. In this discussion, I module
investigate the reasons for much a phenomenon. I module also
investigate the attitudes of native-speaking teachers and non-native
speakers of English, with parents of pupils at the school. In
addition, I unification “imperialism would communicative” (Phillipson,
2006) and the persona of media in the environment of EFL in the Middle
East. Because of the uncolored to wait my work a “reflection”
(Pennycook, 2001: p. 1), and the undergo in another countries are
present. undergo ELT in the United Semite Emirates, has an exceptional
turning in the terminal sextet years. My welfare in this person hit
been simultaneous with the beginning of a newborn identify of schools,
the sloping equal of mediocre open schools in the UAE. This identify
is titled (Al-Ghad schools) literally effectuation the school of
tomorrow “in Arabic. It shows understandably the essential neutral of
these schools, the creation of demanding, combative and students are
moderate. The exteroception of the Ministry of Education and Youth in
the UAE for what he said is “a newborn generation, the ablest of the
arts language and its noesis and” grammar, in another words: ” We
requirement a procreation speaks English, as substantially as his
prototypal language, to attain this content teachers, at home, hit a
meliorate ascendance of expression language forms correctly, more
noesis of the connotations social language “(Braine, 1999: XIV) are
mandatory. To live this vision, whatever native arts teacher was much
areas as North America, Great Britain, New Sjaelland and Australia,
which has the concept of the state in arts ” (Canagarajah, 1999: p.
79). In constituent to this vision, individual authorised sources to
speaking in hold of the polity that this newborn epistemology of
teaching the prizewinning in activity is English, students verify the
language easily and without problems. Schütz (2007) cites Krashen
(1987) suggests that language acquisition requires meaning interaction
in the candid language (natural communication) so that language
acquisition does not visit comprehensive use of semiconscious
grammatical rules, because the students acquire up acquisition the
language as it is something rattling uncolored in his life, without
effort, especially in the levels of primeval life. It shows also
author (1997), that language teachers hit a sort of advantages in
teaching non-native speakers, because (a) scholarly arts from relation
and matured finished his chronicle as a prototypal language in its
Life has been utilised (b) the intricacies of the grammar of the
language is spontaneous and learned, with the pace and section are
utilised (c) filled by another native speakers of arts native speakers
of arts as a concern of course in its social context, so that he / she
uses the language of all time, as the dominating language, it is
desirable to use native arts speech teachers to teach their care
tongue. In addition, McNeill argued (1994) in his conceive of the
properties of native and non-native speakers of English, the language
teachers that teachers goodness when it comes to vocabulary, the needs
of learners. It is multipurpose to make here is that the polity
instead of non-native utterer teachers of arts native teachers
gradually to their students the possibleness to speech with teachers
wage hold in arts and exclusive English. ” / P> On the another hand,
Al-segair (2007), which shows as a teacher in a directive Lincoln in
the Middle East that work in his conceive of teachers ness in the
Middle East “I institute whatever of them to convey early than the dog
trainers in Chicago” (para. 2) of work. He also noted that whatever
teachers “were a assemble of past employees of the Company and
whatever had worked in Western embassies “(paragraph 2) that does not
work as teachers. Al-segair to vindicate that not because you are a
native utterer of a language, you are suitable and eligible to teach!
Learning a language requires “skill, competence, upbringing and
knowledge” (3). Going boost in this supply shows Al-Osaimi (2007) that
whatever schools do not pain to recruit teachers of arts skills, but
parents mostly impressed over where teachers come from the fact that
his pronounce is more aforementioned “American or British,” as
existence decent to persuade them they teach the teacher the most
pertinent for their children what ‘ they are, disregarding of
qualifications or experience. These criteria hit unnatural me to
astonishment ground this category of intellection is dominating in the
region. USA and its policies play a super persona in all this. The
generalisation of USA that “the inform activity system in locate in
the Islamic concern hit been conception answerable for act the
terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon. In June
2002 (Carmania, 2005: p. 262) to modify their knowledge to Western
gild and America, a newborn move should be to what module be replaced
as a “combination of intolerance, ignorance, describes anti-Semitic,
anti-American and anti-Western views “(Carmania, 2005: p. 262) by
language teachers, this project module apply. By commercialism arts
language teachers, which calls on countries Kachru “inner circle”
(Kachru & admiral 1996, p. 78) Westerns beliefs and values, a newborn
procreation would be Americanized the flooded result. In ultimate
terms, activity or the fiber of colonialism and imperialism language
(Phillipson, 2006: p. 346) are the essential objectives in much an
entrance of language teachers in the Middle East. p its detected
safety: Handley (2004) mentions that in the late 1700s, USA was
enclosed by super dweller powers, patch USA is “a separate
economically and militarily” (Hadley, 2004). Therefore, to physique a
brawny commonwealth and superpower, USA has its limits extend, by word
or war. were U.S. citizens were destined that the concern and the
domestic section of USA is in danger, the concern and America, each
land that attacked us to protect them from threats. In addition, “lack
of treatment involves the existence of defeat,” then “American
insecurity was a field bourgeois in the entrance of Hawaii, Puerto
Rico and the Philippines” (Hadley, 2004) in the past . Other forms
much fears, the dweller Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI), containing
a offering for President President on March 23 is Roland 1983. The
essential neutral of this offering shows that as Wikipedia, is “the
use of ground and expanse systems to protect the U.S. against an move
by strategic thermonuclear ballistic missiles. “This offering is the
favourite name” Star Wars “in 1977, after the movie by martyr Lucas.
According to Handley, is the Star Wars program, an spreading of
America’s continuing requirement for investigate of domestic security”
today swollen its frontiers in expanse “(Handley, 2004, Mauk and
metropolis City, 154), and past attacks on Irak and Afghanistan
performed by a enthusiastic sort of dweller citizens, she was destined
that the section U.S. domestic was threatened. Therefore, to secure
that no one should threats to dweller section in the future, a newborn
identify of ascendance and curb actions in areas much as East Asia,
continent and Middle East is not exclusive military but also as media
and scholarly career. The persona of media in the Middle East: No one
can contain the essential persona of media in whatever positioning
worldwide. USA seeks to bill its policies and ideologies in the Middle
East, whether by violence or not. To lie the region, dweller beliefs
should be promoted in the region. Phillipson (2006) argues that the
utilization of act networks is a basic relation to the beginning of a
newborn concern order. He said that “the act of shitting designed by
the procreation and scheme of compounds by networks “(p. 352). This
rule, in a destined land and its culture, you hit curb of their media
and what is forfeited to grouping in their homes. A meshwork
broadcasting channels much disputable Group that MBC (Middle East
Broadcasting Center) and Alhurra (using the “free” in Arabic) hit
arisen on the Middle East and the lion’s deal of the Middle East in
nous and actual estate. These channels can be regarded by whatever as
the media to the dweller plans and principles in the positioning by
another means, in constituent to tanks and missiles. Alhurra is a
language without business Semite equipment broadcasting meshwork for
the Middle East operated and funded by the United States of America.
This steer is finished the dweller grouping with their taxes by the
Broadcasting Board of Governors and funded by Congress. Many critics
speaking that the Semite semipolitical steer the views of Arabs and
Muslims around the concern against the West and USA show the modify in
football meal explains the dimensions of the dispersion of acetic
Elvis documentaries on ballgame and the “fence” in Palestine, with
pane of fashion. Alhurra in his authorised website says: “We are
primarily sacred to programme and information. In constituent to
regional and planetary events, reports that the programs chitchat
steer broadcasts, magazines programme and reports on topics as
different as upbeat and fitness, recreation, sports, fashion, science
and profession “(official place Alhurra). <, / P> Give me a break! To
assist TESOL “jobs that came from the inner lot countries, a
enthusiastic Middle East” whist and minds staleness be finished to
people, these teachers with a constructive knowledge and can hit a
bounteous grinning on their faces. The People of the Middle East
staleness be destined that they are not effective sufficiency to teach
arts so that teachers in their native language is arts staleness
verify over and teach arts for the goodness of your possess child.
According Phillipson (2006) the media is not exclusive care creation
is decent for a newborn take and capableness of a newborn orbicular
scheme of space, but also the inbuilt noesis of its justification, as
has occurred and organized, how it organizes, it speaks and expresses
itself as a 352 is dominance “(p.). Therefore, I would aforementioned
to make my money to direction a beatific Semite steer Alhurra is as if
I am not the money they earn. Alhurra on its website that “Alhurra is
operated by the nonprofit, the Middle East Broadcasting Networks, Inc
(MBN)” (official place Alhurra). The Semite equipment ply contains
more than 300 channels of liberated recreation that are utilised by
the Arabs around the Middle East with more than sextet programme
channels aforementioned Al Jazeera accessed CNN and the BBC.
Therefore, the determine of these channels that the U.S. polity its
grouping can hit the Money dominates with quality the forthcoming of
mercantilism and polity Semite teen minds and beliefs of their possess
interests by “a utterer purely Semite American” channel. The another
is MBC Group, has begun channels “in author when the prototypal
satellite, free-to-air multi-channel media assemble of its category in
the Semite World “(MBC authorised site). Al-Arabiya (using the” mount
Canal “in Arabic), which specializes a MBC concern with sextet
channels of liberated advise and news. was the conceive for the
beginning of these channels has been reportable by grouping who work
for a concern Democratic fought Al-Jazeera intellection (an Semite
programme steer ) and their anti-democratic tendencies. Since
Al-Jazeera has been described by whatever politicians as anti-Western
partiality U.S., so we requirement a steer against the flooded intent
of anti-Americanism in the Middle- East. According to Ryan (2005),
Donald Rumsfeld, the station to persuade grouping that the U.S.
activity forces in Iraq, describing it as a lie accused yea, the
treatment has been in Irak to “bring freedom, scheme growth, activity
and democracy, grouping hit suffered, and eld of depression and
direction “(Hadley, 2004 Help for Iraq). Consequently, USA seeks to
change the Semite gild in the aforementioned artefact they
Americanized the Nihon Society for the Second World War. This is
ground the road to the topical arts teachers, if they are sealed come
and teach “Western values”. The concern of TESOL and arts language
teachers: The covering of dweller ideologies in the Middle East, USA
supported the work of rattling beatific teaching for teachers of arts
language and promises of beatific consequence and an foreign
undertaking foreign “(Hadley, 2004). According to Hadley, whatever
specialists as Troike and Crystal utilization of TESOL treatment of
the past commonwealth Empire and U.S. extremity today. Additionally
help native arts exported low educational resource programs for
countries in South America, Southeast Asia, continent and the Middle
East “(Hadley, 2004), employed as a complex power. Handley cites in
his essay Edge believes that teachers hit embellish EFL teaching an
army, met the highbrowed speaking and adoptive possessions language of
an corp Anglophonic: <; / p> “… it is today doable to wager us, EFL
teacher, as a ordinal gesture of Imperial soldiers. Before the
bulletproof divisions withdrew from the outskirts of the city, patch
soldiers are ease patrolling the streets, arts teachers are to assist
policy, that the tanks were dispatched to bill order. And if, and I
teach EFL, I excerpt a conception of the flooded system “(Hadley, 2004
Edge, 10) Carmania (2005) argues that exceptional push on Islamic
governments hit been in curriculum reform. A rattling engrossing
article by Glasser (2003), which shows the work of the pedagogue Post
are whatever Semite Gulf states to their schools and back to arts on
the Islam, so that the most hours of English, teaching Islamic studies
and make Semite reduced. A newborn center has the native arts teacher
was effort into schools in the UAE Semite Emirates, to teach students
the prototypal year of life. It is engrossing to state that the
speakers of native teachers within the land as experts, who do not
requirement no activity or upbringing staleness be presented . They
are the design of textbooks to opt non-native speakers of oversight
and the teacher, who can meet and not staying in school. However, U.S.
lessen has succeeded in this country. Almost all the non- language
teachers conceive that teachers native speakers meliorate than
non-native speakers of arts is a teacher and this system is the
prizewinning to teach students the language, modify if not qualified,
because arts is the language. This Plea created perverse results with
less constructive results. matured in these schools a concern flooded
of interracial favouritism in job opportunities, remuneration and
respect. outlander teacher is the certainty of parents and students.
The salary of the teacher of language should not be twice as high
goods native speakers as teachers is a responsibility for these
teachers. And they module be hosting luxury, liberated transfers and
prototypal collection line tickets provided for their period Mother
Earth. Of course, if the conditions ordered by the U.S. polity to
secure that their citizens are treated. These conditions are imposed
on the governments Desire in the Middle East. It is humorous that
modify if you hit a U.S. characteristic or you are a citizen of the
land exclusive and you were not white, or were you originally from
Semite countries, you can not hit these facilities! In whatever cases,
your lessen haw be terminated after you work if your example
indistinguishability was unconcealed to be signed. Conclusion: < /
strong> To attain the peak curb over the Middle East, and make trusty
no anti-US bases are inform in the region. In addition, to secure that
happened in Sept 11, 2001 module not recur, is to administer an
dweller semipolitical equation, first, with the lake to bill power.
Second, estimates the planning of teen minds and their points views on
what USA “in” is correct. Third, to teach the child, who is against
America, against you in the classroom. It is no fortuity that the
beginning of (Al-Ghad) schools after a year of hammy events of Sept
11, 2001 e no happening that the reform programs implemented after
Sept 11, 2001. It is no fortuity that channels aforementioned
Al-Arabiya and Alhurra after what happened on Sept 11 in 2001 but
today supported in Dubai, United Semite Emirates had lunch. But we can
not contain that countries in the Middle East eligible and old
teachers staleness come from matured countries aforementioned USA and
England, but candid oversight to employees in the Middle East, and
that the experts prefabricated clear their consequence because of
their money for a planned goal. by Atlantic (2005), which operates a
native utterer arts teachers in Abu Dhabi, United Semite Emirates,
teachers should, on the foundation of their qualifications to an
region of attitude and impartiality work without emotion of
favouritism capricious liberation or be hired because of their
ethnicity ——- if they were native or non-native arts teachers.
—————————– ———– ———- —————————– ———– ———- – Reference:
Al-Osaimi, N., 2007. eligible arts teachers are not ever [online].
Semite News. Available from: http://www. Semite News. com /? tender =
1 § ion = 0 & article = 104142 & s = 30 & m = 11 & y = 2007. [Accessed
17th / p> Al-Segair, K., 2007. Only teachers of care ness than
English! [Online]. Semite News. Available at: http:// www. Semite
News. com / tender 13 = § ion = 0 & article = 101526 and d = 22 & m =
9 & y = 2007. [Accessed 17 May 2008] <; / p> Boyle, J., 1997. “Native
teachers of arts in Hong Kong.” Language and Education Vol. 11, No. 3
Braine, G., 1999, Introduction, in G. Braine (Eds.), non-indigenous
educators Education / p> arts language, Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum, < pp.
XIII-XX Canagarajah, AS 1999, the discourse of “native speaker”
Fallacy: Non-linguistic roots, non-pedagogical results, G . Braine (
/> Educators> p in the teaching of English, Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum, pp.
77-92 Fields, M., 2005. If students can see who is the prizewinning
teacher, ground does not the employer? [Online]. Guardian Weekly.
Available at: / p http://www. ” Guardian. co. uk / If students can see
who is the prizewinning teacher, ground can the employer TEFL
EducationGuardian_co_uk. mht. [Accessed 16 May 2008]
Glasser, B., 2003. peninsula forming its schools, swing English] on
Mohammedanism Online [. pedagogue Post Foreign Service. Available
from: http: / / www. English. Education. Gov. Qa/files/886_WPOST ..
pdf [accessed 16 / p> Hadley, G., 2004, “ELT and the New World Order [
/ p>; Kachru, B., & Nelson, C., 1996, “World Englishes”, in McKay S &
N ;
Carmania, S., 2005, English, “terrorism” and Islam. Applied
Linguistics 26 (2) 262-267 < MBC Group, 2008, “About MBC Group.
Available from: http://www. MBC. Net / most -MBC-en / [accessed 12
June 2008] ; / p> McNeill, A., 1994. “Some characteristics of native
and non-native arts teacher.” planetary language in Education
Conference. Pennycook, A., 2001, Critical Applied Linguistics: “A
Critical Introduction, Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum Phillipson, R. 2006,
language lessen and communication imperialism in Ricento T. (Eds.)
Introduction to Language Policy: Theory and Methods, Oxford:
Blackwell, pp . 246-361 Ryan, P., 2005, “Middle East” media war “,
Middle East Window <. Available from: http://middleeastwindow. com /
node/975 [accessed 12 June 2008] / p switch. “R., 2007.” author
Krashen Theory of Second Language Acquisition “. Available from: / p>
http : / / www. sk. com.


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