[lg policy] bibitem: The American concept of EFL and visionsinvisible in the Middle East

Stan Anonby stan-sandy_anonby at SIL.ORG
Tue May 25 22:08:12 UTC 2010

Is this a machine translation?


----- Original Message ----- 
From: "Harold Schiffman" <hfsclpp at gmail.com>
To: "lp" <lgpolicy-list at groups.sas.upenn.edu>
Sent: Monday, May 24, 2010 6:17 AM
Subject: [lg policy] bibitem: The American concept of EFL and 
visionsinvisible in the Middle East

> The American concept of EFL and visions invisible in the Middle East
> May 23rd, 2010 | Author:
> Introduction: In this speech I module handle the phenomenon of the use
> of native arts teachers in the Middle East, specially in the UAE
> allied low the EFL in elementary schools. In this discussion, I module
> investigate the reasons for much a phenomenon. I module also
> investigate the attitudes of native-speaking teachers and non-native
> speakers of English, with parents of pupils at the school. In
> addition, I unification “imperialism would communicative” (Phillipson,
> 2006) and the persona of media in the environment of EFL in the Middle
> East. Because of the uncolored to wait my work a “reflection”
> (Pennycook, 2001: p. 1), and the undergo in another countries are
> present. undergo ELT in the United Semite Emirates, has an exceptional
> turning in the terminal sextet years. My welfare in this person hit
> been simultaneous with the beginning of a newborn identify of schools,
> the sloping equal of mediocre open schools in the UAE. This identify
> is titled (Al-Ghad schools) literally effectuation the school of
> tomorrow “in Arabic. It shows understandably the essential neutral of
> these schools, the creation of demanding, combative and students are
> moderate. The exteroception of the Ministry of Education and Youth in
> the UAE for what he said is “a newborn generation, the ablest of the
> arts language and its noesis and” grammar, in another words: ” We
> requirement a procreation speaks English, as substantially as his
> prototypal language, to attain this content teachers, at home, hit a
> meliorate ascendance of expression language forms correctly, more
> noesis of the connotations social language “(Braine, 1999: XIV) are
> mandatory. To live this vision, whatever native arts teacher was much
> areas as North America, Great Britain, New Sjaelland and Australia,
> which has the concept of the state in arts ” (Canagarajah, 1999: p.
> 79). In constituent to this vision, individual authorised sources to
> speaking in hold of the polity that this newborn epistemology of
> teaching the prizewinning in activity is English, students verify the
> language easily and without problems. Schütz (2007) cites Krashen
> (1987) suggests that language acquisition requires meaning interaction
> in the candid language (natural communication) so that language
> acquisition does not visit comprehensive use of semiconscious
> grammatical rules, because the students acquire up acquisition the
> language as it is something rattling uncolored in his life, without
> effort, especially in the levels of primeval life. It shows also
> author (1997), that language teachers hit a sort of advantages in
> teaching non-native speakers, because (a) scholarly arts from relation
> and matured finished his chronicle as a prototypal language in its
> Life has been utilised (b) the intricacies of the grammar of the
> language is spontaneous and learned, with the pace and section are
> utilised (c) filled by another native speakers of arts native speakers
> of arts as a concern of course in its social context, so that he / she
> uses the language of all time, as the dominating language, it is
> desirable to use native arts speech teachers to teach their care
> tongue. In addition, McNeill argued (1994) in his conceive of the
> properties of native and non-native speakers of English, the language
> teachers that teachers goodness when it comes to vocabulary, the needs
> of learners. It is multipurpose to make here is that the polity
> instead of non-native utterer teachers of arts native teachers
> gradually to their students the possibleness to speech with teachers
> wage hold in arts and exclusive English. ” / P> On the another hand,
> Al-segair (2007), which shows as a teacher in a directive Lincoln in
> the Middle East that work in his conceive of teachers ness in the
> Middle East “I institute whatever of them to convey early than the dog
> trainers in Chicago” (para. 2) of work. He also noted that whatever
> teachers “were a assemble of past employees of the Company and
> whatever had worked in Western embassies “(paragraph 2) that does not
> work as teachers. Al-segair to vindicate that not because you are a
> native utterer of a language, you are suitable and eligible to teach!
> Learning a language requires “skill, competence, upbringing and
> knowledge” (3). Going boost in this supply shows Al-Osaimi (2007) that
> whatever schools do not pain to recruit teachers of arts skills, but
> parents mostly impressed over where teachers come from the fact that
> his pronounce is more aforementioned “American or British,” as
> existence decent to persuade them they teach the teacher the most
> pertinent for their children what ‘ they are, disregarding of
> qualifications or experience. These criteria hit unnatural me to
> astonishment ground this category of intellection is dominating in the
> region. USA and its policies play a super persona in all this. The
> generalisation of USA that “the inform activity system in locate in
> the Islamic concern hit been conception answerable for act the
> terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon. In June
> 2002 (Carmania, 2005: p. 262) to modify their knowledge to Western
> gild and America, a newborn move should be to what module be replaced
> as a “combination of intolerance, ignorance, describes anti-Semitic,
> anti-American and anti-Western views “(Carmania, 2005: p. 262) by
> language teachers, this project module apply. By commercialism arts
> language teachers, which calls on countries Kachru “inner circle”
> (Kachru & admiral 1996, p. 78) Westerns beliefs and values, a newborn
> procreation would be Americanized the flooded result. In ultimate
> terms, activity or the fiber of colonialism and imperialism language
> (Phillipson, 2006: p. 346) are the essential objectives in much an
> entrance of language teachers in the Middle East. p its detected
> safety: Handley (2004) mentions that in the late 1700s, USA was
> enclosed by super dweller powers, patch USA is “a separate
> economically and militarily” (Hadley, 2004). Therefore, to physique a
> brawny commonwealth and superpower, USA has its limits extend, by word
> or war. were U.S. citizens were destined that the concern and the
> domestic section of USA is in danger, the concern and America, each
> land that attacked us to protect them from threats. In addition, “lack
> of treatment involves the existence of defeat,” then “American
> insecurity was a field bourgeois in the entrance of Hawaii, Puerto
> Rico and the Philippines” (Hadley, 2004) in the past . Other forms
> much fears, the dweller Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI), containing
> a offering for President President on March 23 is Roland 1983. The
> essential neutral of this offering shows that as Wikipedia, is “the
> use of ground and expanse systems to protect the U.S. against an move
> by strategic thermonuclear ballistic missiles. “This offering is the
> favourite name” Star Wars “in 1977, after the movie by martyr Lucas.
> According to Handley, is the Star Wars program, an spreading of
> America’s continuing requirement for investigate of domestic security”
> today swollen its frontiers in expanse “(Handley, 2004, Mauk and
> metropolis City, 154), and past attacks on Irak and Afghanistan
> performed by a enthusiastic sort of dweller citizens, she was destined
> that the section U.S. domestic was threatened. Therefore, to secure
> that no one should threats to dweller section in the future, a newborn
> identify of ascendance and curb actions in areas much as East Asia,
> continent and Middle East is not exclusive military but also as media
> and scholarly career. The persona of media in the Middle East: No one
> can contain the essential persona of media in whatever positioning
> worldwide. USA seeks to bill its policies and ideologies in the Middle
> East, whether by violence or not. To lie the region, dweller beliefs
> should be promoted in the region. Phillipson (2006) argues that the
> utilization of act networks is a basic relation to the beginning of a
> newborn concern order. He said that “the act of shitting designed by
> the procreation and scheme of compounds by networks “(p. 352). This
> rule, in a destined land and its culture, you hit curb of their media
> and what is forfeited to grouping in their homes. A meshwork
> broadcasting channels much disputable Group that MBC (Middle East
> Broadcasting Center) and Alhurra (using the “free” in Arabic) hit
> arisen on the Middle East and the lion’s deal of the Middle East in
> nous and actual estate. These channels can be regarded by whatever as
> the media to the dweller plans and principles in the positioning by
> another means, in constituent to tanks and missiles. Alhurra is a
> language without business Semite equipment broadcasting meshwork for
> the Middle East operated and funded by the United States of America.
> This steer is finished the dweller grouping with their taxes by the
> Broadcasting Board of Governors and funded by Congress. Many critics
> speaking that the Semite semipolitical steer the views of Arabs and
> Muslims around the concern against the West and USA show the modify in
> football meal explains the dimensions of the dispersion of acetic
> Elvis documentaries on ballgame and the “fence” in Palestine, with
> pane of fashion. Alhurra in his authorised website says: “We are
> primarily sacred to programme and information. In constituent to
> regional and planetary events, reports that the programs chitchat
> steer broadcasts, magazines programme and reports on topics as
> different as upbeat and fitness, recreation, sports, fashion, science
> and profession “(official place Alhurra). <, / P> Give me a break! To
> assist TESOL “jobs that came from the inner lot countries, a
> enthusiastic Middle East” whist and minds staleness be finished to
> people, these teachers with a constructive knowledge and can hit a
> bounteous grinning on their faces. The People of the Middle East
> staleness be destined that they are not effective sufficiency to teach
> arts so that teachers in their native language is arts staleness
> verify over and teach arts for the goodness of your possess child.
> According Phillipson (2006) the media is not exclusive care creation
> is decent for a newborn take and capableness of a newborn orbicular
> scheme of space, but also the inbuilt noesis of its justification, as
> has occurred and organized, how it organizes, it speaks and expresses
> itself as a 352 is dominance “(p.). Therefore, I would aforementioned
> to make my money to direction a beatific Semite steer Alhurra is as if
> I am not the money they earn. Alhurra on its website that “Alhurra is
> operated by the nonprofit, the Middle East Broadcasting Networks, Inc
> (MBN)” (official place Alhurra). The Semite equipment ply contains
> more than 300 channels of liberated recreation that are utilised by
> the Arabs around the Middle East with more than sextet programme
> channels aforementioned Al Jazeera accessed CNN and the BBC.
> Therefore, the determine of these channels that the U.S. polity its
> grouping can hit the Money dominates with quality the forthcoming of
> mercantilism and polity Semite teen minds and beliefs of their possess
> interests by “a utterer purely Semite American” channel. The another
> is MBC Group, has begun channels “in author when the prototypal
> satellite, free-to-air multi-channel media assemble of its category in
> the Semite World “(MBC authorised site). Al-Arabiya (using the” mount
> Canal “in Arabic), which specializes a MBC concern with sextet
> channels of liberated advise and news. was the conceive for the
> beginning of these channels has been reportable by grouping who work
> for a concern Democratic fought Al-Jazeera intellection (an Semite
> programme steer ) and their anti-democratic tendencies. Since
> Al-Jazeera has been described by whatever politicians as anti-Western
> partiality U.S., so we requirement a steer against the flooded intent
> of anti-Americanism in the Middle- East. According to Ryan (2005),
> Donald Rumsfeld, the station to persuade grouping that the U.S.
> activity forces in Iraq, describing it as a lie accused yea, the
> treatment has been in Irak to “bring freedom, scheme growth, activity
> and democracy, grouping hit suffered, and eld of depression and
> direction “(Hadley, 2004 Help for Iraq). Consequently, USA seeks to
> change the Semite gild in the aforementioned artefact they
> Americanized the Nihon Society for the Second World War. This is
> ground the road to the topical arts teachers, if they are sealed come
> and teach “Western values”. The concern of TESOL and arts language
> teachers: The covering of dweller ideologies in the Middle East, USA
> supported the work of rattling beatific teaching for teachers of arts
> language and promises of beatific consequence and an foreign
> undertaking foreign “(Hadley, 2004). According to Hadley, whatever
> specialists as Troike and Crystal utilization of TESOL treatment of
> the past commonwealth Empire and U.S. extremity today. Additionally
> help native arts exported low educational resource programs for
> countries in South America, Southeast Asia, continent and the Middle
> East “(Hadley, 2004), employed as a complex power. Handley cites in
> his essay Edge believes that teachers hit embellish EFL teaching an
> army, met the highbrowed speaking and adoptive possessions language of
> an corp Anglophonic: <; / p> “… it is today doable to wager us, EFL
> teacher, as a ordinal gesture of Imperial soldiers. Before the
> bulletproof divisions withdrew from the outskirts of the city, patch
> soldiers are ease patrolling the streets, arts teachers are to assist
> policy, that the tanks were dispatched to bill order. And if, and I
> teach EFL, I excerpt a conception of the flooded system “(Hadley, 2004
> Edge, 10) Carmania (2005) argues that exceptional push on Islamic
> governments hit been in curriculum reform. A rattling engrossing
> article by Glasser (2003), which shows the work of the pedagogue Post
> are whatever Semite Gulf states to their schools and back to arts on
> the Islam, so that the most hours of English, teaching Islamic studies
> and make Semite reduced. A newborn center has the native arts teacher
> was effort into schools in the UAE Semite Emirates, to teach students
> the prototypal year of life. It is engrossing to state that the
> speakers of native teachers within the land as experts, who do not
> requirement no activity or upbringing staleness be presented . They
> are the design of textbooks to opt non-native speakers of oversight
> and the teacher, who can meet and not staying in school. However, U.S.
> lessen has succeeded in this country. Almost all the non- language
> teachers conceive that teachers native speakers meliorate than
> non-native speakers of arts is a teacher and this system is the
> prizewinning to teach students the language, modify if not qualified,
> because arts is the language. This Plea created perverse results with
> less constructive results. matured in these schools a concern flooded
> of interracial favouritism in job opportunities, remuneration and
> respect. outlander teacher is the certainty of parents and students.
> The salary of the teacher of language should not be twice as high
> goods native speakers as teachers is a responsibility for these
> teachers. And they module be hosting luxury, liberated transfers and
> prototypal collection line tickets provided for their period Mother
> Earth. Of course, if the conditions ordered by the U.S. polity to
> secure that their citizens are treated. These conditions are imposed
> on the governments Desire in the Middle East. It is humorous that
> modify if you hit a U.S. characteristic or you are a citizen of the
> land exclusive and you were not white, or were you originally from
> Semite countries, you can not hit these facilities! In whatever cases,
> your lessen haw be terminated after you work if your example
> indistinguishability was unconcealed to be signed. Conclusion: < /
> strong> To attain the peak curb over the Middle East, and make trusty
> no anti-US bases are inform in the region. In addition, to secure that
> happened in Sept 11, 2001 module not recur, is to administer an
> dweller semipolitical equation, first, with the lake to bill power.
> Second, estimates the planning of teen minds and their points views on
> what USA “in” is correct. Third, to teach the child, who is against
> America, against you in the classroom. It is no fortuity that the
> beginning of (Al-Ghad) schools after a year of hammy events of Sept
> 11, 2001 e no happening that the reform programs implemented after
> Sept 11, 2001. It is no fortuity that channels aforementioned
> Al-Arabiya and Alhurra after what happened on Sept 11 in 2001 but
> today supported in Dubai, United Semite Emirates had lunch. But we can
> not contain that countries in the Middle East eligible and old
> teachers staleness come from matured countries aforementioned USA and
> England, but candid oversight to employees in the Middle East, and
> that the experts prefabricated clear their consequence because of
> their money for a planned goal. by Atlantic (2005), which operates a
> native utterer arts teachers in Abu Dhabi, United Semite Emirates,
> teachers should, on the foundation of their qualifications to an
> region of attitude and impartiality work without emotion of
> favouritism capricious liberation or be hired because of their
> ethnicity ——- if they were native or non-native arts teachers.
> —————————– ———– ———- —————————– ———– ———- – Reference:
> Al-Osaimi, N., 2007. eligible arts teachers are not ever [online].
> Semite News. Available from: http://www. Semite News. com /? tender =
> 1 § ion = 0 & article = 104142 & s = 30 & m = 11 & y = 2007. [Accessed
> 17th / p> Al-Segair, K., 2007. Only teachers of care ness than
> English! [Online]. Semite News. Available at: http:// www. Semite
> News. com / tender 13 = § ion = 0 & article = 101526 and d = 22 & m =
> 9 & y = 2007. [Accessed 17 May 2008] <; / p> Boyle, J., 1997. “Native
> teachers of arts in Hong Kong.” Language and Education Vol. 11, No. 3
> Braine, G., 1999, Introduction, in G. Braine (Eds.), non-indigenous
> educators Education / p> arts language, Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum, < pp.
> XIII-XX Canagarajah, AS 1999, the discourse of “native speaker”
> Fallacy: Non-linguistic roots, non-pedagogical results, G . Braine (
> /> Educators> p in the teaching of English, Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum, pp.
> 77-92 Fields, M., 2005. If students can see who is the prizewinning
> teacher, ground does not the employer? [Online]. Guardian Weekly.
> Available at: / p http://www. ” Guardian. co. uk / If students can see
> who is the prizewinning teacher, ground can the employer TEFL
> EducationGuardian_co_uk. mht. [Accessed 16 May 2008]
> Glasser, B., 2003. peninsula forming its schools, swing English] on
> Mohammedanism Online [. pedagogue Post Foreign Service. Available
> from: http: / / www. English. Education. Gov. Qa/files/886_WPOST ..
> pdf [accessed 16 / p> Hadley, G., 2004, “ELT and the New World Order [
> / p>; Kachru, B., & Nelson, C., 1996, “World Englishes”, in McKay S &
> N ;
> Carmania, S., 2005, English, “terrorism” and Islam. Applied
> Linguistics 26 (2) 262-267 < MBC Group, 2008, “About MBC Group.
> Available from: http://www. MBC. Net / most -MBC-en / [accessed 12
> June 2008] ; / p> McNeill, A., 1994. “Some characteristics of native
> and non-native arts teacher.” planetary language in Education
> Conference. Pennycook, A., 2001, Critical Applied Linguistics: “A
> Critical Introduction, Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum Phillipson, R. 2006,
> language lessen and communication imperialism in Ricento T. (Eds.)
> Introduction to Language Policy: Theory and Methods, Oxford:
> Blackwell, pp . 246-361 Ryan, P., 2005, “Middle East” media war “,
> Middle East Window <. Available from: http://middleeastwindow. com /
> node/975 [accessed 12 June 2008] / p switch. “R., 2007.” author
> Krashen Theory of Second Language Acquisition “. Available from: / p>
> http : / / www. sk. com.
> http://superschoolonline.com/the-american-concept-of-efl-and-visions-invisible-in-the-middle-east.html
> -- 
> **************************************
> N.b.: Listing on the lgpolicy-list is merely intended as a service to
> its members
> and implies neither approval, confirmation nor agreement by the owner
> or sponsor of the list as to the veracity of a message's contents.
> Members who disagree with a message are encouraged to post a rebuttal,
> and to write directly to the original sender of any offensive message.
> A copy of this may be forwarded to this list as well.  (H. Schiffman,
> Moderator)
> For more information about the lgpolicy-list, go to
> https://groups.sas.upenn.edu/mailman/
> listinfo/lgpolicy-list
> *******************************************
> _______________________________________________
> This message came to you by way of the lgpolicy-list mailing list
> lgpolicy-list at groups.sas.upenn.edu
> To manage your subscription unsubscribe, or arrange digest format: 
> https://groups.sas.upenn.edu/mailman/listinfo/lgpolicy-list 

This message came to you by way of the lgpolicy-list mailing list
lgpolicy-list at groups.sas.upenn.edu
To manage your subscription unsubscribe, or arrange digest format: https://groups.sas.upenn.edu/mailman/listinfo/lgpolicy-list

More information about the Lgpolicy-list mailing list