[lg policy] Georgian alphabet created by St. Mesrob Mashtots in early 5th century (?)
hfsclpp at GMAIL.COM
Fri Jun 10 14:55:35 UTC 2011
Lenore A. Grenoble. Language policy in the Soviet Union. Springer,
2003. ISBN 1402012985. P. 116.
"The creation of the Georgian alphabet is generally attributed to
Mesrop, who is also credited with the creation of the Armenian
4 a b c Donald Rayfield "The Literature of Georgia: A History
(Caucasus World). RoutledgeCurzon. ISBN 0700711635. P. 19.
5 Catholic Encyclopedia. Mesrob.
6 Britannica. Alphabet. "The Armenian and Georgian alphabets, created
by St. Mesrob Mashtots in the early 5th century [AD], were also based
on the Aramaic alphabet."
7 Glen Warren Bowersock, Peter Robert Lamont Brown, Oleg Grabar. Late
antiquity: a guide to the postclassical world. Harvard University
Press, 1999. ISBN 0674511735. P. 289. James R. Russell. Alphabets. "
Mastoc' was a charismatic visionary who accomplished his task at a
time when Armenia stood in danger of losing both its national
identity, through partition, and its newly acquired Christian faith,
through Sassanian pressure and reversion to paganism. By preaching in
Armenian, he was able to undermine and co-opt the discourse founded in
native tradition, and to create a counterweight against both Byzantine
and Syriac cultural hegemony in the church. Mastoc' also created the
Georgian and Caucasian-Albanian alphabets, based on the Armenian
8 George L. Campbell. Compendium of the World's Languages. --
Routledge; New edition edition (May 14, 1998) -- ISBN 0415160499. P.
183. "Old Georgian was written in the xucuri character, traditionally
invented by Mesrop Mashtots, to whom the Armenians owe their script."
9 Merriam-Webster's Encyclopedia of Literature. Merriam-Webster, 1995.
ISBN 0877790426. P. 756. "Mesrob". "A collection of biblical
commentaries, translations of patristic works, and liturgical prayers
and hymns is credited to Mesrob, corroborating his reputation for
having laid the foundation of a national Armenian liturgy. He is also
credited with contributing to the origin of the Georgian alphabet."
10 Russian: <<История Востока>>, ЗАКАВКАЗЬЕ В IV--XI вв -- Институт
Востоковедения РАН. "Христианизация закавказских стран имела важные
последствия и для развития местной культуры. На рубеже IV-V вв.
появилась армянская письменность, созданная Месропом Маштоцем. Не без
его помощи были изобретены и национальные алфавиты в Грузии и Албании.
11 Peter R. Ackroyd, C. F. Evans, Geoffrey William Hugo Lampe, Stanley
Lawrence Greenslade. The Cambridge History of the Bible: From the
Beginnings to Jerome -- Cambridge University Press, 1975 -- ISBN
0521099730. P. 367. "Georgia was converted during the 4th century,
tradition has it by the agency of an Armenian slave woman, and whether
these details are in any measure true or not, the tradition probably
indicates the source of the Georgians' knowledge of Christianity and
the Christian scriptures. These did not begin to be translated into
Georgian until Mesrop, provider of an Armenian alphabet, also supplied
the Georgians with an adequate means of transcription for their
18 a b Stephen H. Rapp. Studies in medieval Georgian historiography:
early texts and Eurasian contexts. Peeters Publishers, 2003. ISBN
9042913185. P. 19. "Moreover, all surviving MSS written in Georgian
postdate K'art'li's 4th-century conversion to Christianity. Not a
shred of dated evidence has come to light confirming the invention of
a Georgian alphabet by King P'arnavaz in the 3rd century ВС as is
fabulously attested in the first text of K'C'...
19 Russian: В. А. Шнирельман, <<Войны памяти. Мифы, идентичность и
политика в Закавказье>>, М., ИКЦ, <<Академкнига>>, 2003. English: V. A.
Shnirelman. The value of the past. Myths, identity and politics in
Transcaucasia. Osaka: National Museum of Ethnology (Senri Ethnological
Studies No. 57), 2001. Page 392
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